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RPS 1 2017

In uscita ad aprile il numero 1/2017: Il servizio sociale italiano nell’ambito dell’attuale sistema di welfare sarà il focus della sezione monografica del n.

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Eu

Social Europe from a Us Perspective

Articolo scritto da:

Spurred by the ongoing discussion on the principles of a EU Constitutional Treaty, the two US authors explore the development processes of norms currently in force in the Union, highlighting the elements of democracy. Defined as «concerted polyarchy», they interpret European decision-making procedures as a process in which the solution to problems is founded on the permanent imbalance between motivations and interests and on the organised and collective exploration of the resulting differences. The decision taken is «polyarchic» as the analysis and approval depend on mutual control by the decentralised operators, facilitated by the existence of a central structure. In this sense, although an intrinsically democratic concerted polyarchy doesn’t exist, it stimulates the exploration of diversity to expose the decision-makers to full appraisal, transforming the obstacle of diversity into an instrument to accelerate and broaden the search for solutions.only subscribers can see the full article

Evolution of the Asylum Discipline in Italy: European Context and Future Scenarios

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Migration
The rise in flows of asylum seekers from the 90s onwards has led Europe to redefine the protection sanctioned in the post war years at the international level, adopting status recognition procedures which allow the principles/symbols to remain intact while modifying (or limiting) the contents. The legislative evolution in Italy follows the same pattern: while attempts to adopt a complete immigration and asylum act struggle to take off, in Italy the matter is partially regulated, in its procedural aspects, by the «Martelli Law», extensively reformed in 2002 with the «Bossi-Fini Law». The paper outlines the fundamental legislative passages, taking into consideration also the draft law under discussion in Parliament, the executory rule which requires approval for the coming into effect of modifications due to the «Bossi-Fini Law» on asylum, and the risks of unconstitutionality derived by the latent conflict between legitimate worries to curb clandestine immigration and the duty to protect those who flee from persecutions in their own country.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Italy :: immigration :: asylum discipline :: Eu ::

European Constitutional Process and the Intergovernmental Conference

Articolo scritto da:

The article analyses the evolution that the process of EU constitutional reform has achieved over this past year. It looks into the innovations introduced in the Constitutional Treaty approved in July 2003 at the European Convention and the proposals of the government and the Italian representatives. The paper then goes over the debate at the intergovernmental conference and the role played by the Italian EU Presidency (July-December 2003). It also highlights the critical aspects which led to the breakdown in negotiations at the Intergovernmental Conference and the underlying political motivations. Lastly, it indicates a few steps which need to be taken to restart negotiations, given that the European Parliamentary elections are to be held in June 2004.only subscribers can see the full article

Eu Enlargement and Ambiguities of the New Eastern Frontier

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In 2004 the European Union makes a decisive step towards the new Eastern frontier which opens up a new phase destined to radically change the political and economic geography of the European Union. However, great difficulties and risks lie in wake. The failure of the intergovernmental conference leaving problems of institutional reorganisation unsolved has been an alarming signal. Furthermore, 2003 brought to the fore political divisions which spit the old and new Union making the enlargement scenario highly volatile. With the aperture of the new Eastern frontier the scenario becomes more complex not helped by the failure to give Europe a more effective and credible institutional setting. But, without a constitution adopted by those who want to participate in the construction of a Europe which merits this name, the new Eastern frontier risks opening up the way to a bigger but more unruly area in which more or less provisional and contrasting alliances will be permitted. only subscribers can see the full article

Eu: a Focus on Social and Employment Policies

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The article outlines the history of social Europe and describes the present situation, focusing on the implications of the European Council of Lisbon in March 2000 when Heads of State and governments decided to set a new ambitious objective for the EU: to become the most competitive knowledge economy in the world, based on full quality employment with an increased social cohesion. The common strategy for occupation, the new social agenda and the efforts for greater co-operation on inclusion and social protection are examined in detail. The article also takes a look at the future scenario, examining the results of the Convention from a social perspective and drawing some conclusions on the prospects of the intergovernmental conference.only subscribers can see the full article

Pensions and Labour - An Analysis of Unequal Treatment

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Migration
The economic and demographic contribution of immigration to the Eu can have consequences on social protection regimes. It is thus necessary to examine both the positive aspects of the system and levels of protection truly given to such workers especially regarding the principles of equal treatment and compliance of acquired statutory rights (under adoption). Contrary to what some may be inclined to believe, available studies, albeit partial, highlight the persistence of serious inequalities in the protection of immigrants. In Italy the phenomenon of immigration is relatively recent but it is not sufficient to justify the delays and shortcomings registered in the initiation of active policies for the stipulation of bilateral agreements on social security and major international obligations. It is evident that building partnerships with the countries of origin is fundamental not only to combat illegal immigration but also to reinforce cooperation policies, contribute to the consolidation of local social security systems and thus improve social protection conditions for all residents.only subscribers can see the full article

Diversity as a Resource in the Enlarged Eu

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This paper examines what differences will emerge in the European asset from the entry of 8 new member states from Eastern Europe. It also attempts to identify and assess the implications of the growing differentiation between states on the European integration process. The map of unity and diversity in the enlarged EU is extremely complex which doesn’t correspond simply to the old East-West divide. Furthermore, it is easy to find flaws in the various theories on the significance of diversity in the process of European integration. Not all types of inequality are necessarily damaging on the way (strife?) towards complete harmonisation, given that various types of multiplicity already exists in the 15-member union. Diversity can have positive or negative connotations according to context and objectives: a more diversified union can resemble a neo-medieval empire rather than a neo-Westphalian state but this doesn't necessarily mean the demise of European integration.only subscribers can see the full article

The European Co-ordination Method in the New Member States

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The entry of 10 new countries in the European Union has increased interest in their situation, especially in relation to policies pursued by the member countries and regarding above all the European strategy for employment and the «modernisation» of social protection systems. Great differences between the various national systems still persist which are based on very different economic, social and cultural situations. The extension of the «Open Co-operation Method» procedures to the candidate countries appears to be a natural consequence of the processes initiated among the member countries to define the necessary objectives for the construction of the «social model» which will characterise the future of Europe. only subscribers can see the full article

Trend in Safety Net Mechanism. A European Overview

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The paper gives a brief overview of safety net mechanisms in Eu countries (before enlargement), outlining eligibility conditions after social protection adjustments and reforms in the 90s and the current trends in the activation of minimum income beneficiaries. By analysing the policies of European states, there emerges a prevalent model which foresees the activation of the beneficiaries of safety net mechanisms with rigid access/exclusion conditions. The excessive use of restrictive, conditional tools risks the re-emergence of the idea of «culpable» poverty, hence undermining the achievements of social inclusion policies.only subscribers can see the full article

Facing Up to the Eu Enlargement

Articolo scritto da:

The countries that are about to come into the EU have adopted a transition model that gives much importance to measures for the reduction of social costs of transition, attributing a central role to redistribution policies. These States have transformed their economies, creating considerable unemployment but at the same time limiting inequalities. Income gaps have thus increased following the transition to a market economy but there have not been explosive repercussions as was the case in the ex-Soviet Republics. These redistribution policies have undoubtedly encouraged structural reforms allowing the entry of these countries into the EU but at the same time, they have caused fiscal imbalances. The correction of such imbalances is one of the more the most complex problems that the new member countries will have to face in a context of EU fiscal regulations which have been conceived for countries at much higher levels of development.only subscribers can see the full article