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RPS 1 2018

Il numero 1 2018 in uscita ad aprile, dedica la sezione monografica a genere e welfare, con un focus sull’Italia in prospettiva comparata.

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Eu enlargement

Effects of Enlargement on Immigration and the Labour Market

Articolo scritto da:

European migration policies face great challenges. After many years of mostly unregulated inflows of foreigners into the EU, it is time to take a new approach focusing on economic criteria and taking the new social and economic realities in the EU into account. The recruitment of «high potentials» must become a cornerstone of a new EU migration policy. With the eastward enlargement in sight, the union must agree on new migration regulations or quotas for the highly qualified from Eastern Europe. Closing the borders to the West for citizens of the new EU member states for up to another seven years - as the majority of member states plan to do - would result in a loss of important human capital needed to further strengthen the competitiveness of a larger EU in the world economy. only subscribers can see the full article

Diversity as a Resource in the Enlarged Eu

Articolo scritto da:

This paper examines what differences will emerge in the European asset from the entry of 8 new member states from Eastern Europe. It also attempts to identify and assess the implications of the growing differentiation between states on the European integration process. The map of unity and diversity in the enlarged EU is extremely complex which doesn’t correspond simply to the old East-West divide. Furthermore, it is easy to find flaws in the various theories on the significance of diversity in the process of European integration. Not all types of inequality are necessarily damaging on the way (strife?) towards complete harmonisation, given that various types of multiplicity already exists in the 15-member union. Diversity can have positive or negative connotations according to context and objectives: a more diversified union can resemble a neo-medieval empire rather than a neo-Westphalian state but this doesn't necessarily mean the demise of European integration.only subscribers can see the full article

Reasons for a New Welfare System in Europe

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This paper - which was given as the «Lecture 2003» of the Associazione Manlio Rossi Doria - investigates, first of all, the crisis of the «fordist system of welfare» and of its three main social institutions: the nuclear family; the big industrial firm; and the «Social Security Welfare State». These institutions granted economic security to workers and retired people, but they restrained their chances of self-fulfilment in the professional field. Today radical changes are occurring in the labour market and the family. The «map» of social risks also has undergone wide changes. Economic insecurity and job precariousness are growing, but - at the same time - new chances are opened for social and professional mobility. The second part of the paper analyses recent social and employment policies, adopted in some European countries, which allow to outline the contours of a new welfare system, more suitable to reconcile social security and self-fulfilment of the individual.only subscribers can see the full article

The European Co-ordination Method in the New Member States

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The entry of 10 new countries in the European Union has increased interest in their situation, especially in relation to policies pursued by the member countries and regarding above all the European strategy for employment and the «modernisation» of social protection systems. Great differences between the various national systems still persist which are based on very different economic, social and cultural situations. The extension of the «Open Co-operation Method» procedures to the candidate countries appears to be a natural consequence of the processes initiated among the member countries to define the necessary objectives for the construction of the «social model» which will characterise the future of Europe. only subscribers can see the full article

Social Security Systems in Central and Eastern Europe Countries

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The paper gives an overview of the stages which have led to enlargement and illustrates the relative conditions and prospects. It then goes on to examine the compatibility and harmonisation of welfare policies and of the social rights of European workers. All countries in Central and Eastern European countries have social security systems with common features stemming from the pre-communist era. With the «fall of the wall» a reform process was initiated especially of the pension systems spurred by fiscal reasons and negative demographic trends. The outlines examine the organisation and structure of the social protection system, funding sources and services rendered. The information has been taken from the Missceec II document of January 1 2002 drawn up by the European Institute of Social Security. only subscribers can see the full article

Facing Up to the Eu Enlargement

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The countries that are about to come into the EU have adopted a transition model that gives much importance to measures for the reduction of social costs of transition, attributing a central role to redistribution policies. These States have transformed their economies, creating considerable unemployment but at the same time limiting inequalities. Income gaps have thus increased following the transition to a market economy but there have not been explosive repercussions as was the case in the ex-Soviet Republics. These redistribution policies have undoubtedly encouraged structural reforms allowing the entry of these countries into the EU but at the same time, they have caused fiscal imbalances. The correction of such imbalances is one of the more the most complex problems that the new member countries will have to face in a context of EU fiscal regulations which have been conceived for countries at much higher levels of development.only subscribers can see the full article

After the Transition: Poverty, Inequalities and Welfare System in Eastern Europe

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Poverty in post communist countries of Eastern Europe is the result not only of the transition to a market economy but also the rise to power of a new incapable and corrupt ruling class, the political priorities of governments and incoherent social policy measures. The most evident consequences of this transformation is a growth in poverty and income disparity. In fact there are great national and sub-regional differences. The situation is particularly critical in the Community of Independent States and in the south-eastern European countries, whereas it is less so in Central-Eastern Europe. Measures to reduce poverty have turned out to be inefficient and ineffective even if tailored to a definite target and means tested. Most reforms on welfare have been concentrated on pensions. With impending EU enlargement, increasingly greater influence must be yielded by the European social model or the strategy proposed by the World Bank. The central point seems to pivot on the matter of what political, social, institutional subject can initiate a broader reform of the welfare state.only subscribers can see the full article

Migration in Europe - Current Issues and Trends

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in the issue
Migration
The article describes the current demographic situation and migration trends in Europe. It discusses the conceptual and empirical gaps resulting from the use of different criteria to categorize foreigners. The recent and foreseeable impact of Eu enlargement and the potential for further East-West migration within Europe are considered, along with the growing level of immigration to Southern Europe. The article draws attention to the fact that integration of non-Eu nationals has become a key subject of concern across Europe, and national policies are being adapted in response: with regard to integration the article examines the evolutions in Austria, Germany and the Netherlands. Lastly, common Eu policies on migration and frontier management, asylum seekers and family reunification are also discussed.only subscribers can see the full article

«Harmonisation Process»

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The paper presents a series of useful perspectives to comprehend if and how the harmonisation process of social and occupation policies at the EU level has been developed and which key concepts are necessary to interpret its progress. The analysis thus proposes some considerations/definitions of the term «harmonisation», focusing on two main aspects: firstly the process of harmonisation in relation to the creation/stabilisation of the so-called «social European model'; secondly the harmonisation process in relation to the EU enlargement process to find out how the future new EU states have been helped/supported to harmonise their own policies on social and occupational matters and in which direction such a process of harmonisation has been targeted, towards which values and development models and with which results/prospects.only subscribers can see the full article

Social Europe from a Us Perspective

Articolo scritto da:

Spurred by the ongoing discussion on the principles of a EU Constitutional Treaty, the two US authors explore the development processes of norms currently in force in the Union, highlighting the elements of democracy. Defined as «concerted polyarchy», they interpret European decision-making procedures as a process in which the solution to problems is founded on the permanent imbalance between motivations and interests and on the organised and collective exploration of the resulting differences. The decision taken is «polyarchic» as the analysis and approval depend on mutual control by the decentralised operators, facilitated by the existence of a central structure. In this sense, although an intrinsically democratic concerted polyarchy doesn’t exist, it stimulates the exploration of diversity to expose the decision-makers to full appraisal, transforming the obstacle of diversity into an instrument to accelerate and broaden the search for solutions.only subscribers can see the full article