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RPS 4 2017

Dopo l’ondata migratoria del secondo dopoguerra, l’emigrazione italiana si è attenuata ma mai esaurita e negli ultimi anni ha conosciuto una ripresa delle partenze sempre più consistente.

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Europe

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Articolo scritto da:

Every day it becomes clear that the limits to public-sector growth in the social services and the ongoing socio-demographic changes over the last twenty years are forcing us to reconsider, at both national and European level, feasible ways of tackling the care needs of the elderly. The ageing of the population has brought out two main problems: on the one hand, there has been an increase in the number of old people who require public assistance; on the other, there has also been an increase in the financial pressure imposed on traditional intervention programmes due to the additional social demand and to the strain it puts on public resources. It is this contradictory combination of factors that has led to both the difficulties that the various welfare systems find in carrying out policy reform for long-term care that can deal with this new social emergency, and the overall stop-go, if not inertia, of the ongoing processes of institutional reform in the various European countries. As this research shows, these processes are the prevailing feature, along with the widespread recalibrating of existing policies and interventions, both in terms of their structure and what is on offer.only subscribers can see the full article

The Institutional Problems of Welfare: Europe and Territorialization Process

Articolo scritto da:

The welfare state is a polysemic idea and the various social sciences have given different definitions of it, each of them underlining this or that aspect, depending on the epistemological attitude of their field. In studies of the theory of the state and constitutional law, by «welfare state» we mean a liberal state that uses taxation to carry out policies that actively redistribute wealth so as to guarantee a minimum level of wellbeing to all citizens, whatever their capacity to produce income (Mortati, 1973): it is clearly a definition that corresponds to a historical-institutional perspective, which in the framework of the development of forms of the state underlines the transformation of the «neutral» liberal state, under the effect of mass parties and reforming political and union movements, into an «interventionist» state.only subscribers can see the full article

The Invention of Regions: Political Restructuring and Territorial Government in Western Europe

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Europe and Regions
Regionalism has come back to prominence, as the political, economic, cultural, and social meaning of space changes. In some ways, politics, economics, and public policies are deterritorializing; but at the same time there is a reterritorialization. The «new regionalism» is the product of this decomposition and recomposition of the territorial frame-work of public life, consequent on changes in the state, the market, and the international context. Functional needs, institutional restructuring, and political mobilization all play a role. Regionalism must now be placed in the context of the international market and the European Union, as well as the nation-state.only subscribers can see the full article

Reforms of Long-Term Care Policies in Europe

Articolo scritto da:

The article defines the hypothesis and the conceptual tools used to analyze Ltc in Europe. In the first part a definition of the long-term care policy field is provided in order to identify the policy field. As the boundaries of long-term care have been differently designed in each country, this part also aim to identify the main differences occurring in different countries. The second part is focused on the social and political drivers of the institutional changes in this field in the last two decades. Then a specific analytic toolkit is described in order to analyze the institutional mechanisms through which change has developed in this policy field, focusing on the reasons why innovation takes place, the actors that are involved in this change, and the political and institutional mechanisms that are used in order to make innovative decisions and implement them.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Europe :: elderly care :: Long-term Care :: Aging ::

Long-Term Care Reforms in the Netherlands

Articolo scritto da:

The foundation of the current Dutch long-term care system dates back to the end of the 1960s, when compulsory social insurance to cover the costs of «exceptional medical expenses» (Awbz) was introduced. Since then the system has undergone a continuous process of reform. The essay reconstructs the original logic of the system through a historical and institutional analysis. Then the trends towards reform are considered, looking at how the problem of change has been constructed and at the actors playing a relevant role in this process. All these aspects are described and critically reviewed in order to understand the directions and impacts of institutional change.only subscribers can see the full article

Europe-Usa. A Comparison of Occupational Models

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
To find the answer to the question: «To what extent are Italians committed to work», working hours in Italy, Europe and the Us are compared and analysed to ascertain how they constitute an important element of the occupational model. Once demonstrated that the Italian occupational model guarantees a level of working commitment higher than the Eu average, productivity and per capita production results are examined. The clear loss of advantage of the Italian economy emerges from the comparative framework. The paper concludes by indicating some policy measures on working hours aimed at reorganising workplaces for the recovery of productivity. only subscribers can see the full article

Editor's note

Articolo scritto da:

,
in the issue
Europe and Regions
In issue 3-08 RPS returns to the subject of local welfare, the local territory being seen as an administrative dimension. The aim is to provide information on some of the most interesting or recurrent topics in the current debate on the socio-institutional reforms. only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Europe :: Regions :: federalism ::

The Reform of Long-Term Care in Austria: A New Pillar of the Welfare State Emerges and Develops

Articolo scritto da:

The paper defines the broader context of reforms in long term care in Austria in the last two decades. The essay focuses on the 1993 «cash for care» reform, looking at the content of the reform, at the concrete mechanisms that have allowed institutional change, and at the coalitions of actors who have pushed for change. In recent years a new major reform has been introduced, focusing exclusively on the regularization of personal care in the private household without touching upon the broader Ltc context: the last part of the paper describes this innovation by considering the drivers of the growing migrant care market, the mechanisms that have allowed institutional change, and the role of government, media, and disability movement in this change.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Europe :: elderly care :: Long-term Care :: Aging :: Austria ::

Policies for Long-Term Care in Spain: A Hybrid System of Family Care and Institutionalized Risk

In 2006 Spain introduced a new public long-term care programme regarding the Promotion of Personal Autonomy and Care for Dependent Persons. The paper develops an analysis of the main social and political factors and mechanisms driving this importantreform. The factors of innovation are identified, by considering cultural changes related to responsibility for care, new facts emerging in the organisation and provision of are, the policy legacy factors. In the second part the institutional mechanism of decision making and implementation is described and the new model of Ltc provision that have been established in Spain is described, focusing on the extension of coverage, the intensity of protection offered, and the sharing of responsibilities between central and local authorities.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Europe :: elderly care :: Spain :: Long-term Care :: Aging ::

Migration in Europe - Current Issues and Trends

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Migration
The article describes the current demographic situation and migration trends in Europe. It discusses the conceptual and empirical gaps resulting from the use of different criteria to categorize foreigners. The recent and foreseeable impact of Eu enlargement and the potential for further East-West migration within Europe are considered, along with the growing level of immigration to Southern Europe. The article draws attention to the fact that integration of non-Eu nationals has become a key subject of concern across Europe, and national policies are being adapted in response: with regard to integration the article examines the evolutions in Austria, Germany and the Netherlands. Lastly, common Eu policies on migration and frontier management, asylum seekers and family reunification are also discussed.only subscribers can see the full article