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Europe

Long-Term Care Reforms in the Netherlands

Articolo scritto da:

The foundation of the current Dutch long-term care system dates back to the end of the 1960s, when compulsory social insurance to cover the costs of «exceptional medical expenses» (Awbz) was introduced. Since then the system has undergone a continuous process of reform. The essay reconstructs the original logic of the system through a historical and institutional analysis. Then the trends towards reform are considered, looking at how the problem of change has been constructed and at the actors playing a relevant role in this process. All these aspects are described and critically reviewed in order to understand the directions and impacts of institutional change.only subscribers can see the full article

Europe-Usa. A Comparison of Occupational Models

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
To find the answer to the question: «To what extent are Italians committed to work», working hours in Italy, Europe and the Us are compared and analysed to ascertain how they constitute an important element of the occupational model. Once demonstrated that the Italian occupational model guarantees a level of working commitment higher than the Eu average, productivity and per capita production results are examined. The clear loss of advantage of the Italian economy emerges from the comparative framework. The paper concludes by indicating some policy measures on working hours aimed at reorganising workplaces for the recovery of productivity. only subscribers can see the full article

Editor's note

Articolo scritto da:

,
in the issue
Europe and Regions
In issue 3-08 RPS returns to the subject of local welfare, the local territory being seen as an administrative dimension. The aim is to provide information on some of the most interesting or recurrent topics in the current debate on the socio-institutional reforms. only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Europe :: Regions :: federalism ::

The Reform of Long-Term Care in Austria: A New Pillar of the Welfare State Emerges and Develops

Articolo scritto da:

The paper defines the broader context of reforms in long term care in Austria in the last two decades. The essay focuses on the 1993 «cash for care» reform, looking at the content of the reform, at the concrete mechanisms that have allowed institutional change, and at the coalitions of actors who have pushed for change. In recent years a new major reform has been introduced, focusing exclusively on the regularization of personal care in the private household without touching upon the broader Ltc context: the last part of the paper describes this innovation by considering the drivers of the growing migrant care market, the mechanisms that have allowed institutional change, and the role of government, media, and disability movement in this change.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Europe :: elderly care :: Long-term Care :: Aging :: Austria ::

Policies for Long-Term Care in Spain: A Hybrid System of Family Care and Institutionalized Risk

In 2006 Spain introduced a new public long-term care programme regarding the Promotion of Personal Autonomy and Care for Dependent Persons. The paper develops an analysis of the main social and political factors and mechanisms driving this importantreform. The factors of innovation are identified, by considering cultural changes related to responsibility for care, new facts emerging in the organisation and provision of are, the policy legacy factors. In the second part the institutional mechanism of decision making and implementation is described and the new model of Ltc provision that have been established in Spain is described, focusing on the extension of coverage, the intensity of protection offered, and the sharing of responsibilities between central and local authorities.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Europe :: elderly care :: Spain :: Long-term Care :: Aging ::

Migration in Europe - Current Issues and Trends

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Migration
The article describes the current demographic situation and migration trends in Europe. It discusses the conceptual and empirical gaps resulting from the use of different criteria to categorize foreigners. The recent and foreseeable impact of Eu enlargement and the potential for further East-West migration within Europe are considered, along with the growing level of immigration to Southern Europe. The article draws attention to the fact that integration of non-Eu nationals has become a key subject of concern across Europe, and national policies are being adapted in response: with regard to integration the article examines the evolutions in Austria, Germany and the Netherlands. Lastly, common Eu policies on migration and frontier management, asylum seekers and family reunification are also discussed.only subscribers can see the full article

Governance of Social Policy in Eu: Involvement of the Social Partners and National Influence

This article offers a short review of the main tools available to the European Union (Eu) for intervening in social and labour policy. This analysis aims to illustrate the themes that are part of the social dialogue in Europe, the European employment strategy (Ees) and the process for coordinating pensions policy, known as the Open Method of Coordination (Omc). For each of these tools we shall try to evaluate the degree of involvement of the social partners, with particular reference to the trade union movement. Beyond the European rhetoric based on «social partnership», the concrete development of the three processes illustrates a limited involvement of the unions in European governance with the risk of making their influence on the European agenda for social and labour policy marginal. only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Europe :: governance :: social dialogue ::

The Populist Parties on the European Political Scene. Introductory Comments

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Populisms in Europe
After giving a theoretical account of the phenomenon, the author looks at the reasons that have led to the rise of populist parties in Europe; these include the crisis of the Fordist model of industrial output and the resulting changes that have broken up the old classes, introducing an ever more noticeable fragmentation of the great social groupings on which the mass parties were founded. She underlines, on the one hand, how we are faced with political forces that have quickly understood the emerging unease; on the other hand, she shows how the populist parties have promptly occupied the political vacuum left by the traditional ones. However, what they offer is inadequate to the challenges they are faced with and that require the recovery of the function of aggregation the parties once performed, with the aim of offering once again a prospect that can give faith in the future.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Europe :: Populism :: parties ::

Long-Term Care Reforms in England: A Long and Unfinished Story

Articolo scritto da:

The paper presents the main changes that have been introduced in the English Ltc system in the last two decades. After a general description of the structure of the long term care system as it has historically developed in England in the last 50 years, the essay addresses the main changes that occurred as a consequence of the 1993 community care reforms and of the following new programmes that have been introduced after that, aimed at empowering consumer choices, at better recognising the rights of disabled people, and at offering a new cash for care programme. Finally, a review of the role played by social and institutional actors in the revision of the system is presented.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Europe :: elderly care :: Long-term Care :: Aging :: England ::

Europe. Time Renconcilement Models

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
The comparative analysis of reconcilement policies promoted by European countries highlight the presence of various intervention models. The data suggest diversifying reconcilement tools to meet the needs expressed by increasingly more heterogeneous family and life models but also to support the centrality of system actions aimed at the provision of public care services with flexible times, of high quality and contained costs which contribute to overturning the gender division of care. Public intervention also allows the reduction of costs which would otherwise be sustained by enterprises thus reducing poverty and social inequalities in the long term as well as increasing productivity given the positive effects on learning capacity and living conditions of the new generations.only subscribers can see the full article