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Rps 3/4 2016

È disponibile online il numero doppio 3-4/2016 di Rps. Il fascicolo dedica la sezione monografica al Tema delle disuguaglianze economiche oggi in Italia.

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Europe

Migration in Europe - Current Issues and Trends

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Migration
The article describes the current demographic situation and migration trends in Europe. It discusses the conceptual and empirical gaps resulting from the use of different criteria to categorize foreigners. The recent and foreseeable impact of Eu enlargement and the potential for further East-West migration within Europe are considered, along with the growing level of immigration to Southern Europe. The article draws attention to the fact that integration of non-Eu nationals has become a key subject of concern across Europe, and national policies are being adapted in response: with regard to integration the article examines the evolutions in Austria, Germany and the Netherlands. Lastly, common Eu policies on migration and frontier management, asylum seekers and family reunification are also discussed.only subscribers can see the full article

Governance of Social Policy in Eu: Involvement of the Social Partners and National Influence

This article offers a short review of the main tools available to the European Union (Eu) for intervening in social and labour policy. This analysis aims to illustrate the themes that are part of the social dialogue in Europe, the European employment strategy (Ees) and the process for coordinating pensions policy, known as the Open Method of Coordination (Omc). For each of these tools we shall try to evaluate the degree of involvement of the social partners, with particular reference to the trade union movement. Beyond the European rhetoric based on «social partnership», the concrete development of the three processes illustrates a limited involvement of the unions in European governance with the risk of making their influence on the European agenda for social and labour policy marginal. only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Europe :: governance :: social dialogue ::

The Populist Parties on the European Political Scene. Introductory Comments

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Populisms in Europe
After giving a theoretical account of the phenomenon, the author looks at the reasons that have led to the rise of populist parties in Europe; these include the crisis of the Fordist model of industrial output and the resulting changes that have broken up the old classes, introducing an ever more noticeable fragmentation of the great social groupings on which the mass parties were founded. She underlines, on the one hand, how we are faced with political forces that have quickly understood the emerging unease; on the other hand, she shows how the populist parties have promptly occupied the political vacuum left by the traditional ones. However, what they offer is inadequate to the challenges they are faced with and that require the recovery of the function of aggregation the parties once performed, with the aim of offering once again a prospect that can give faith in the future.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Europe :: Populism :: parties ::

Long-Term Care Reforms in England: A Long and Unfinished Story

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The paper presents the main changes that have been introduced in the English Ltc system in the last two decades. After a general description of the structure of the long term care system as it has historically developed in England in the last 50 years, the essay addresses the main changes that occurred as a consequence of the 1993 community care reforms and of the following new programmes that have been introduced after that, aimed at empowering consumer choices, at better recognising the rights of disabled people, and at offering a new cash for care programme. Finally, a review of the role played by social and institutional actors in the revision of the system is presented.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Europe :: elderly care :: Long-term Care :: Aging :: England ::

Europe. Time Renconcilement Models

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
The comparative analysis of reconcilement policies promoted by European countries highlight the presence of various intervention models. The data suggest diversifying reconcilement tools to meet the needs expressed by increasingly more heterogeneous family and life models but also to support the centrality of system actions aimed at the provision of public care services with flexible times, of high quality and contained costs which contribute to overturning the gender division of care. Public intervention also allows the reduction of costs which would otherwise be sustained by enterprises thus reducing poverty and social inequalities in the long term as well as increasing productivity given the positive effects on learning capacity and living conditions of the new generations.only subscribers can see the full article

A Long Good Bye to Bismarck? The Politics of Welfare Reforms in Continental Europe

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This paper analyses the reform trajectories that are specific to continental European welfare systems, going beyond the idea that this third world of welfare capitalism is frozen. Comparing the reform trajectories in the different countries and sectors, shows that one can identify four successive sequences of reforms over the last 25 years (from reforms aimed at protecting the insured male worker to reforms aimed at re-structuring benefits, financing and governance arrangements). The paper shows that the trajectory followed by these systems has been highly determined by the typical Bismarckian welfare institutions, but also reversed by a learning process. The paper concludes that the consequences of these changes are increasing the insider/outsider cleavage. only subscribers can see the full article

Demand, Measures and Systems of Long-Term Care in European Countries: A Comparative Picture

The contribution contextualizes the analyses carried out in the other studies in this number of the Rivista, offering a general reference frame for Ltc policies in Europe. If the other essays offer an analysis of the processes and quality of what is happening in the field of policies for the non-self-sufficient, here there is a useful quantitative basis that can provide a comparative view of the various countries under study against the more general background of the changes in social demand and institutional responses. The essay is structured around four themes: the characteristics and changes in the demand for care for the non-self-sufficient; the organization of informal care; the organization of public supply; and the effects of the various «care regimes» on the users and on their informal carers.only subscribers can see the full article

Policies for Long-Term Care in Sweden: Trends, Moving Forces and Consequences

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Sweden has a well-developed system of long term care, based on taxfunded services that are mainly publicly provided. This system has changed significantly in the last few decades. Following the way in which the policy agenda is structured in Sweden, this paper focuses on elderly care, but some of the key interactions between the disability and elderly care systems are discussed, as well as the boundaries between elderly care and health systems. The main trend in provision of elderly care has been, counter to most other European countries, reduced expenditure and coverage of services, but also a very low and falling coverage of cash benefits for family carers. As a consequence of this trend, there has been an off-loading to unpaid family care (informalisation) as well as to privately financed and privately provided market care (marketisation).only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Europe :: Sweden :: elderly care :: Long-term Care :: Aging ::

Budget Policies and Welfare Spending in European Countries in the 90s

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In the 90s European countries put the rising public debt under control which had increased even more than in 1990 when the recession hit the whole of Europe. The positive performance in the second half of the 90s led to a reduction in public spending due to a broader monetary policy which reduced the cost of the debt. While most countries were busy trying to meet requirements needed to get into the euro monetary system, even the three countries which chose to stay outside obtained similar results, in terms of deficit. In any case they benefited to a lesser extent from the reduction of spending than the euro countries. As for welfare spending, there was a considerable reduction especially in the countries which adhered to monetary unification.only subscribers can see the full article

The Role of the Social Partners in European Pension Reforms: Past and Present

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The social partners, both employers and trade unions, played a substantial role in the «old politics» expanding pension systems in Europe; they are still active in the «new politics» of pension reforms. Given the electoral impact and political veto points, governments may seek to overcome reform blockage in political decision-making and implementation by social consensus seeking. Besides political interest politics, various modes of social governance are discussed: institutional consultation of the social groups, tripartite concertation between governments and the social partners, institutionalized forms of self-administration of pension insurance, and self-regulation via negotiated occupational pensions.only subscribers can see the full article