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Giovedì, 25 Gennaio 2018 - 10:14 Sala delle Regioni, via dei Frentani 4/a, Roma

Giovedì, 25 Gennaio 2018 - 10:14 Sala delle Regioni, via dei Frentani 4/a, Roma

Se ne discute il 25 gennaio in occasione della presentazione del Volume n.

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Europe

Demand, Measures and Systems of Long-Term Care in European Countries: A Comparative Picture

The contribution contextualizes the analyses carried out in the other studies in this number of the Rivista, offering a general reference frame for Ltc policies in Europe. If the other essays offer an analysis of the processes and quality of what is happening in the field of policies for the non-self-sufficient, here there is a useful quantitative basis that can provide a comparative view of the various countries under study against the more general background of the changes in social demand and institutional responses. The essay is structured around four themes: the characteristics and changes in the demand for care for the non-self-sufficient; the organization of informal care; the organization of public supply; and the effects of the various «care regimes» on the users and on their informal carers.only subscribers can see the full article

Policies for Long-Term Care in Sweden: Trends, Moving Forces and Consequences

Articolo scritto da:

Sweden has a well-developed system of long term care, based on taxfunded services that are mainly publicly provided. This system has changed significantly in the last few decades. Following the way in which the policy agenda is structured in Sweden, this paper focuses on elderly care, but some of the key interactions between the disability and elderly care systems are discussed, as well as the boundaries between elderly care and health systems. The main trend in provision of elderly care has been, counter to most other European countries, reduced expenditure and coverage of services, but also a very low and falling coverage of cash benefits for family carers. As a consequence of this trend, there has been an off-loading to unpaid family care (informalisation) as well as to privately financed and privately provided market care (marketisation).only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Europe :: Sweden :: elderly care :: Long-term Care :: Aging ::

Budget Policies and Welfare Spending in European Countries in the 90s

Articolo scritto da:

In the 90s European countries put the rising public debt under control which had increased even more than in 1990 when the recession hit the whole of Europe. The positive performance in the second half of the 90s led to a reduction in public spending due to a broader monetary policy which reduced the cost of the debt. While most countries were busy trying to meet requirements needed to get into the euro monetary system, even the three countries which chose to stay outside obtained similar results, in terms of deficit. In any case they benefited to a lesser extent from the reduction of spending than the euro countries. As for welfare spending, there was a considerable reduction especially in the countries which adhered to monetary unification.only subscribers can see the full article

The Role of the Social Partners in European Pension Reforms: Past and Present

Articolo scritto da:

The social partners, both employers and trade unions, played a substantial role in the «old politics» expanding pension systems in Europe; they are still active in the «new politics» of pension reforms. Given the electoral impact and political veto points, governments may seek to overcome reform blockage in political decision-making and implementation by social consensus seeking. Besides political interest politics, various modes of social governance are discussed: institutional consultation of the social groups, tripartite concertation between governments and the social partners, institutionalized forms of self-administration of pension insurance, and self-regulation via negotiated occupational pensions.only subscribers can see the full article

Institutional Change and Gradual Development in Obligatory Insurance for Long-Term Care in Germany

Articolo scritto da:

The introduction of Long-term Care Insurance in 1995 in Germany brought a fundamental change in long-term care policies related to social rights, mode of funding and care provision. Before the introduction, long-term care was defined as a responsibility of (mainly female) family members with public support means-tested. The essay examines the principles of Long-term Care Insurance and some significant adaptations since then. It draws on a new-institutionalism approach and analyses the role of actors, their interests and ideas as well as institutional conditions of the reform process. In addition, it considers the reform’s effects. The research reveals both processes of fundamental change and gradual adaptations.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Europe :: Germany :: elderly care :: Long-term Care :: Aging ::

Work and Part-Time Jobs. A European Framework of Supply and Preferences

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
The article takes into consideration the part-time arrangement not as a measure to increase occupation but as a central aspect of a «multi-active» society where the individual, if s/he chooses, can dedicate more time to other spheres of life. Here part-time is perceived as a way to valorise work activities outside the market in a frame of the partial reduction of working time dedicated. By analysing the European panorama on part-time, the following classification of countries is used - Northern, Continental, Mediterranean - according to the extent of part-time, type, age distribution, part-time rates as well as the motivations which induce workers to opt for this work modality and related rights. It seems that the part-time arrangement, when well pro-tected, is a good conciliation tool between work and market, training for the young, family commitments for women, gradual withdrawal for the elderly (to do more leisure or voluntary activities).only subscribers can see the full article

Redesigning Citizenship Regimes after Neoliberalism. Moving towards Social Investment

Articolo scritto da:

This article documents the ways in which a concept which had characterised the high neo-liberal period of the World Bank - social investment - and which plays on the discourse of capitalism, was reworked in the mid-1990s to become, among other things, a set of policies and programmes focused on fighting poverty and improving income security in Europe and Latin America. It documents in particular the adjustments on three dimensions of the citizenship regimes in these two regions. This comparison is based on the observation that, while often having quite different political histories, the Americas and Europe nonetheless share some important similarities in social citizenship practices. Currently, some countries in Latin America have on-going experiments with social citizenship that are not that different several European countries’ choices about how to design a citizenship regime for after neoliberalism. only subscribers can see the full article

The Reform Process in Long-Term Care Policies in Countries of the European Union: An Attempt at Interpretation

Articolo scritto da:

The essay offers a general interpretation of the changes taking place in long term care (Ltc) policies in the last 20 years in Europe. More specifically, the essay provides three general conclusions. The first concerns the general impact of the reform of Ltc policies in terms of retrenchment, restructuring or expansion. The second is related to the functioning of the political mechanisms and institutional processes through which change has been made possible, notwithstanding financial pressures and strong institutional resistance to innovation. The third is the impact of change on workers and providers in the Ltc field.only subscribers can see the full article

Paths for Change in Long-Term Care Policies in Denmark

Articolo scritto da:

Among the Nordic countries (and together with Norway) long term care policies in Denmark are the most universalist in terms of coverage; further, in contrast to the other Nordic countries, Denmark combines institutional change from below (non-legislative changes) with institutional change from above (legislative changes). The paper describes these changes, that have been oriented towards a marketisation and a better tailoring of services to individual needs. Taken together these lead to contradictory developments towards both standardisation and flexibility. The analysis will show how innovation has two, potentially contradictory sides: it is concerned with both «securing » and «extending» the welfare rights of citizens and therefore encompasses both measures of control and measures of free choice.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Europe :: elderly care :: Long-term Care :: Aging :: Denmark ::

A Comparison of Redistribution and Welfare in Europe and the Us

Articolo scritto da:

Considering that social services could be provided either by the public sector and private bodies, the dimensions of the Welfare State are similar in Europe and in the Usa. However, the breakdown in spending is different: more is spent on health in the Usa whereas assistance and social security are the priorities in Europe. The redistributive effects of the two systems are difficult to assess given that each item of social spending presents specific features. It must, however, be stressed that the dimensions of the social state are an inadequate criterion to compare the level of redistribution of social spending.only subscribers can see the full article