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RPS 1 2017

Sono online i free text relativi al Tema del n. 1/2017: Servizio Sociale e welfare.

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European Union

European Union. From Equal Opportunities to «Social Investment» Jane Jenson

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Women and Welfare
Most European countries with liberal and social democratic welfare regimes have redesigned their social policy in recent years, adopting a social investment perspective. In doing so, they often target children and young people, and redeploy policy instruments to achieve goals for the future. There is a growing commitment by the European Union to this supply-side understanding of social policy. This article describes two mechanisms at one work in the social policy field within the institutions of the Eu: one of writing women out of the plot and folding gender into other stories.only subscribers can see the full article

Working Time. Community Norms and Legislation in European States

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
The paper examines legislation on working time in Europe, with particular reference to Community norms and their recent modification proposals, and to some countries in the European Union (Italy, France, Spain, Portugal, Germany and Uk). The analysis conducted highlights, on the one hand, the inherent weaknesses of the former especially regarding worker protection standards and the possibility of derogation. On the other hand, after having examined the fundamental institutes of national norms, the author concludes by noting the weak influence of Eu norms on legislation in member states, indeed they seem to undermine current protection measures.only subscribers can see the full article

The struggle for coherence in EU migration governance

Articolo scritto da:

Within the EU there is currently an explicit struggle to articulate and render coherent a range of policies, narratives, definitions and processes for governing migration, and in particular for introducing new governing logics and relationships under the heading of ‘new immigration policy’. The struggle to assert a coherent governance regime in the field of migration involves combining and re-combining different policy narratives, institutional assumptions and relationships within the EU, and between EU and member states. In this article we identify and evaluate the key, often contradictory narratives, mediated among the institutions and broader dynamics of EU policymaking: (human) rights, security, economic needs, and social integration. These discourses interact to construct a new, identifiable policy terrain of European migration governance. only subscribers can see the full article

The Imperative of Developmental Welfare for Europe

Articolo scritto da:

Since the late 1970s, all the developed welfare states of the European Union (Eu) have been recasting the basic policy mix on which their national systems of social protection were built after 1945. Intensified global competition, industrial restructuring, budgetary austerity, changing family relations and demographic ageing have thrown into question the once sovereign and stable welfare systems of the «Golden Ag». Moreover, domestic issues of work and welfare have more recently become ever more intertwined with processes of European political and economic integration. In this respect, it is fair to say that in the Eu we have entered an era of semi-sovereign welfare states. This paper tries to capture the comprehensive character of the ongoing effort to recast the architecture of the post-war social contract in terms of the concept of welfare recalibration for both heuristic and prescriptive purposes. only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: welfare :: European Union :: development ::

THE OMC AND PENSIONS POLICIES: ITALY AND EUROPE

In the European Union the organization and management of pensions systems is the exclusive concern of the member states; since 2001, however, community intervention on pensions has been envisaged through the Open Method of Coordination (OMC). This article considers the contents of OMC-pensions and their capacity to influence national pensions policies, with particular reference to Italy; it also assesses the extent to which the public contributions system introduced in Italy by the 1995 reform makes it possible to pursue different aims on the basis of the open method of coordination (sustainability, adequacy and modernization), also identifying the main critical features in the system.only subscribers can see the full article

The youth Question in the Global Crisis. Roles and Responsibilities of European and National Social Policies

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
The Dispossessed
The economic, demographic, social and political trends that became established in the last thirty years and the global crisis that followed are having particularly negative effects on young people and their future, particularly in Italy, where the backwardness of the production system is worsening the effects of the crisis. The article, which draws on some results of the «Report on the social state 2011» prepared by the author himself, also compares the situations of «fathers» and «sons». The condition of the latter is worsening, although this is not due to any selfishness on the part of the former, but to the worsening of the economic-social balance of the last thirty years, which is not so much ageist, as classist, discriminating against families and specific areas. The analysis of the European and Italian welfare systems is followed by some proposals for defusing the pensions bomb that is developing in Italy and that penalizes this generation of young people above all.only subscribers can see the full article

Southern Europe in the Mirror of European Traditional Immigration Countries

Articolo scritto da:

Europe has experienced the intensification of immigrant flow since the mid-1990s and related to this process a new European policy has been built up at Eu level. In spite of this general trend, the intensity of migration flows, the types of migration, the migrant’s performance in the labour market, the policies oriented towards migrants’ social integration, meaningfully vary between European countries, according to the different conditions in each case, shaped by the various welfare state models, by previous migration policies and also by the structure and dynamics of the labour markets. More debate is needed about how to match these divergent trends with a homogeneous official discourse and policy on immigration at European level. At the same time, the impact that migration has on the welfare states is also different. only subscribers can see the full article

THE ROLE OF THE OECD AND THE EU IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF LABOUR MARKET POLICY IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC

Articolo scritto da:

This article analyses the role of the OECD through its “Jobs Strategy” and the EU through the “European Employment Strategy” in the development of macro-economic, employment and labour market policy in the Czech Republic. As a full member of the two organisations, the Czech Republic has been subject to their soft non-binding policy advice in the area of labour market reform. The OECD and EU policy models are similar, both insisting on growth-oriented macro-economic policy, supported by active labour market policies, an active and effective public employment service and the de-regulation of labour markets, but the OECD actively advocates private actor involvement in labour markets, while the EU insists on the role of the public sector. The The public employment service – key for both organisations – has been developed institutionally to fit both models. However, the effect is weak since activation, shifts in expenditure from passive to active labour market policy, training and placement of the PES has not changed substantially since the Czech Republic became member of the EU, suggesting the real impact of the OECD and also the EU, even when accompanied by the ESF, is weak. only subscribers can see the full article

Social Innovation and Second Welfare: What Input from the European Union?

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Territorial Welfare
For some time now the Union’s institutions have been involved in identifying solutions that can reconcile the demands linked to the competitiveness of the European economy on the global market with those of protecting the principles behind the process of constructing the «Social Europe» that Delors set in motion more than twenty years ago. This is the framework of the recent research in the community on social innovation, which involves creating new networks between the public sector, private for-profit organizations and the service industries that can develop appropriate, economically sustainable responses to the different social needs in the community. The possibilities are varied, and there is widespread experimentation that is part of what is known as «second welfare».only subscribers can see the full article

Italian Health System: Work in Progress between Decentralization and the Impact of the Eu

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Nhs
The crisis of the State-nation led to a consolidation of sub-national levels of government. This reinforcement has conditioned recent developments in the welfare state, and particularly in health policy. With reference to the Italian case, the article illustrates the main changes brought into force by the reforms of 1992-93 and of 1999 in terms of the «regionalization» of the health system, and outlines the main steps that led to fiscal federalism, enhancing regional financial autonomy. The closing paragraph takes into consideration possible implications of the process of European integration and, more specifically, the adoption of the Open method of co-ordination on the evolution of the regional health systems.only subscribers can see the full article