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RPS 4 2017

Dopo l’ondata migratoria del secondo dopoguerra, l’emigrazione italiana si è attenuata ma mai esaurita e negli ultimi anni ha conosciuto una ripresa delle partenze sempre più consistente.

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Italy. Social Information on Childhood Services

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The article presents the main results of a study conducted by Ires on childcare targeted at under3-year-olds. After outlining information currently available on this issue, the following aspects are analysed: a) the diffusion of care services at the regional level; b) an estimate of expressed and unsatisfied demand; c) an overview of the functioning of such services with respect to family requirements. In conclusion, an analysis is conducted on the link between the difficulty in activating infant care services and the fragmentary and residual nature of local welfare systems in Italy.only subscribers can see the full article

Occupational Instability and Reproductive Choices of Young Partners

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The paper analyses the results of a research conducted in a Naples’ district, focusing in particular on links between work flexibility, couple life and reproductive choices. An insight is given on family plans, variables of unstable work and problems faced by young couples on the matter of becoming parents, distinguishing between «partially flexible», «totally flexible» and «one-income» couples. A well-constructed framework emerges whereby couples have difficulty planning and organising the «spill over» between work and parenting and where female work flexibility seems to hinder, rather than favour, the couple’s reproductive choice.only subscribers can see the full article

Care Epidemiology in the Very Old: what Information?

The care epidemiology in the title is not a contradiction in term: it is where science and methodology meet in an important research institute, and also how the heath and social workers of some local health authorities in the Veneto Region see their work in the daily practice of care. The best-known point of view on the need for information in the health and social services is that to be found in national/regional planning; various sources — such as surveys and Istat’s Multi-purpose Surveys — periodically provide an important picture of the population and demographic trends, the perceived state of health and the level of non-self-sufficiency, the structure of the modern family and recourse to services. The point of view here, by contrast, is the data produced by the health services themselves, particularly at district level, which is officially responsible for integration.only subscribers can see the full article

Family Policies and Equal Opportunities in Sweden

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This article reviews Swedish family policy from a gender equality point of view. Family policies and gender equality policies in Sweden are not two separate entities, but are closely interwoven and constructed to mutually support each other. Swedish family policy comprises three parts: 1) child and family benefits, 2) parental insurance, and 3) high quality day-care, which are discussed in the paper. Back-ground information on the societal context of Swedish families is also provided. It is argued that gender-equal family policy in Sweden has been successful, both in promoting a gender-equal society, in keeping up the birth rate and in providing support for families and children.only subscribers can see the full article

Critical Aspect and Exemplifications of the Strong Family Model

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The Mediterranean model of family consists basically of a few rules: the moral engagement to support with one’s own means the frail members of the family and the golden rule of reciprocity between parents and children. This powerful clearing house between resources and frailties of children and parents is a precious tool to explain the peculiarities of both the current demographic behaviour and the welfare system in the South of Europe. The author explores the current changes in the intergenerational pact and claims for a frame of well tuned social policies, capable of transforming present resource restrictions and rekindling the inert aspirations of the younger generations.only subscribers can see the full article

Social Needs and Strategies of Families. An Inquiry Model

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The researches on social needs of families can be of greater use to policy makers if conducted with specific methodologies aimed at cognitive requirements of social planning for interventions and services. The article illustrates a proposal of a social survey model, already applied in various regional experiences. The peculiarity of the inquiry model is the fact that it is based on an approach on women cohorts.only subscribers can see the full article

Immigrant Family Structure and Strategies

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The paper examines the role of the family in the migratory process and strategies, highlighting how family represents an important variable in the determination and understanding of their development in Italy. The analysis of this institution and its dynamism helps us to understand changes that family introduces both in the country of origin and in the host country. The important role of migratory flows clearly emerges in the process of change affecting our society and its institutions as well as the institutions in the country of origin, as they act as accelerators in the processes of change. The paper thus focuses on migratory families as well as intra-family and social dynamics, and additional matrimonial work they have to do. The article also examines the various forms of families formed through immigration, especially reunited, transnational and mixed families. only subscribers can see the full article

Family Support Mechanism and the Fight Against Poverty. Reform Hypotheses - I

This paper proposes a reform of family allowance to combat poverty, coherent with the vision of human development welfare and the tradition of selective universalism of the Onofri Commission. The main contents of the reform are: a) Unification of the main tax deductions for minors and spending in the form of family allowances in a new and more effective spending measure to support families which resolves the problem of the incapacity of tax deductions. b) The full-scale introduction of the Minimum Income Mechanism whose experimentation had been initiated (but only to be interrupted). c) The reform of current selectivity criteria, especially the Ise tool. This reform aims to achieve better redistribution objectives than the current ones, concentrating available resources on families with minors and medium to low Ise. It should be maintained a certain level of selectivity in the interventions on the basis of family not individual criteria. The reform will also use any eventual additional resources to cover all urgent needs of our welfare systems rather than universalistic monetary redistribution.only subscribers can see the full article

Great Britain. The Reformist Strategy in Childhood Policies

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In 2003, with the publication of the Green Paper on childhood, under the slogan «Every Child Matters», the British government announced the reform of the social assistance for children, young people and families. The policy is still at the initial stage of , implementation so it is not yet possible to assess its effects. In any case, the analysis of discourses constructed around it allows ascertaining the type of relationship created between value systems and policy mechanisms, beliefs behind the policies and hypothesised implementation tools. The arti-cle analyses, on the basis of documents available on the net, the intentions of the policy-makers responsible for the introduction of the new UK policy on childhood, focusing mainly on the conceptual and theoretical premises.only subscribers can see the full article

Changing Family Life: Significance for State and Society

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The intent of the article is both to elaborate the nature of family change in European societies and to interrogate contemporary policy on the family in the light of emerging changes and risks. The first part of the article undertakes an overview analysis of the main changes affecting families, looking at structure, organisation and relations. It then moves on to consider the key risks and challenges posed by recent changes for individuals, states and society. The risks discussed include the seeming lack of readiness to commit to parenthood, a polarisation between parenthood and partnership, overburdening of women and risks around care. The final section of the article turns to the state’s response, in terms of what it has been and what it might (need to) be.only subscribers can see the full article