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RPS 4 2017

Dopo l’ondata migratoria del secondo dopoguerra, l’emigrazione italiana si è attenuata ma mai esaurita e negli ultimi anni ha conosciuto una ripresa delle partenze sempre più consistente.

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governance

Principles of good government for revising the governance of Inps

Articolo scritto da:

In Italy, in the last two decades there has been much debate on how to reform the governance of social security institutions. Nevertheless, this debate has resulted in a reform law that did not solve the limits of the previous governance set-up but rather them worsen it by concentrating the powers previously granted to a board of governors in the hands of a single body: that of the President. After a review of the economic literature on the issue, we examine the limitations of the present set-up and make a number of recommendations to the government on how to overcome them.only subscribers can see the full article

The struggle for coherence in EU migration governance

Articolo scritto da:

Within the EU there is currently an explicit struggle to articulate and render coherent a range of policies, narratives, definitions and processes for governing migration, and in particular for introducing new governing logics and relationships under the heading of ‘new immigration policy’. The struggle to assert a coherent governance regime in the field of migration involves combining and re-combining different policy narratives, institutional assumptions and relationships within the EU, and between EU and member states. In this article we identify and evaluate the key, often contradictory narratives, mediated among the institutions and broader dynamics of EU policymaking: (human) rights, security, economic needs, and social integration. These discourses interact to construct a new, identifiable policy terrain of European migration governance. only subscribers can see the full article

Governance of Social Policy in Eu: Involvement of the Social Partners and National Influence

This article offers a short review of the main tools available to the European Union (Eu) for intervening in social and labour policy. This analysis aims to illustrate the themes that are part of the social dialogue in Europe, the European employment strategy (Ees) and the process for coordinating pensions policy, known as the Open Method of Coordination (Omc). For each of these tools we shall try to evaluate the degree of involvement of the social partners, with particular reference to the trade union movement. Beyond the European rhetoric based on «social partnership», the concrete development of the three processes illustrates a limited involvement of the unions in European governance with the risk of making their influence on the European agenda for social and labour policy marginal. only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Europe :: governance :: social dialogue ::

Governance, Territory and Capabilities: the Questions at Stake

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in the issue
Territorial Welfare
The article is in three parts. The first section uses two approaches to explore some of the main problems that arise when we try to understand present-day society: governance and the community. These two interpretations should actually be related to the profound changes in the social and its organization, which the article summarizes in terms of changes in democratic capitalism, processes of social reproduction and individualization. The second part deals with the relation between governance and public action in Italy, emphasizing the role and significance played in it by growing social inequalities. The last part of the article tries to identify a possible response to the scenarios and the problems that they raise, and more particularly to the need to rethink and redefine the relation between individual autonomy and dependence, drawing on the capability approach and some specific interpretations that are advanced about it by sociologists and anthropologists.only subscribers can see the full article

THE LISBON STRATEGY: AT WHAT POINT IS THE MODERNIZATION OF THE EUROPEAN SOCIAL MODEL. EVALUATIONS

Articolo scritto da:

This article is an introduction to a first and incomplete assessment of the influence of the Lisbon Strategy on the European social model. This exercise is complex for various reasons: first, because of the complexity of the Strategy; secondly because of the difficulty in identifying a clear definition of the European social model. On the basis of the existing literature and the main indicators proposed by the Strategy itself, we try in each case to suggest some reflections on the (limited) success and the (many) limitations of the Strategy. By this we mean the contents of the Lisbon Agenda and its influence on the modernization of the European social model, and also the development of the southern-European welfare model (further removed from the aims of Lisbon and so subject to greater pressure). We also study the procedural aspects of the Strategy and its capacity to influence participation, the learning process and the institutional capacities of individual member countries. The article ends with a comment on the lights and shadows linked to the implementation of the Strategy and (substantive and procedural) tensions that are still to be resolved. only subscribers can see the full article

Differences of Governance and Institutional Inequalities in Long-term Care Policies

Articolo scritto da:

The economic and financial crisis and the related austerity policies have heightened regional differences in health and social policies. Focusing on long-term care policies, the study investigates the experiences of regional governance by analysing regional social and health plans in Veneto, Emilia Romagna and the Marches. The regions present very heterogeneous regulatory contexts characterized by different levels of integration between the different welfare policies, but also between local services within the same area of intervention, and integration of formal care services and informal care provided by the family. Differences in the experiences of governance of integration in long-term care policies have to be considered as institutional inequalities in the response to similar needs.only subscribers can see the full article

Local Welfare Systems. Ten Years after Law 328/2000

Articolo scritto da:

The article is based on qualitative and ethnographic research and on interventions of consultation and training in various medium-sized districts in two Italian regions (Emilia-Romagna and Lombardy). The analysis makes use both of categories relating to welfare dynamics and references typical of organizational studies. After introducing matters concerning the application of law 328/2000 and describing the main scenarios concerning two regional architectures, it considers the ongoing dynamics in some local welfare systems, bringing out some of their strongly ambivalent aspects.only subscribers can see the full article

Social shock absorbers. Increasing conditionality and «pulverisation» of governance in the Italian system

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
The Italian case
When the mechanisms of workfare enter the academic and political debate about the oft-announced reform of the social shock absorbers, they are often seen as a panacea that can solve the most serious defects of unfairness in the present system. The article that follows seeks to show how, the current legal position is already to a large extent in line with this aim, at least formally. Therefore, any reform clearly needs to fill the gap between the abstract provisions of the regulations and how they are actually applied, but also to intervene to strengthen the governance of the system.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Italy :: governance :: workfare :: regulations ::

Working for the right to Health

Articolo scritto da:

Starting from the premise the quality of services is based on a recognition of the crucial importance of human work in the socio-welfare field, this article brings out how, partly as a result of the linear cuts of the last few years, the quality of the work has been seriously conditioned by a lack of staff and an increase in short-term contracts. It also insists on the need to give proper value to the professions and to invest to create employment, as well as pointing out the urgency of replacing the present contractual systems with supply chain and sector contracts, and reorganizing and upgrading the services through genuine participatory governance.only subscribers can see the full article

THE EUROPEAN SOCIAL MODEL, THE EUROPEAN EMPLOYMENT STRATEGY AND NEW GOVERNANCE: THE CASE OF FLEXICURITY

Articolo scritto da:

For long-time observers of EU social and employment policies it is hardly surprising that the concept of flexicurity has gradually become a central concern in EU reform initiatives. The linguistically awkward combination of flexibility and security into flexicurity captures well the essence of European economic policy making since its inception and it is a good example of the distinct character of the European Social Model: a balancing of economic and social interests that understands social and employment policy as an integral part of economic policy and an important factor of production in the European economy. Flexicurity forms part of efforts to introduce new modes of governance and a greater reliance on soft law instruments in European policy making. It will be argued in the following that we increasingly witness elements of reflexivity in these supranational efforts of policy making. The central thesis of the paper is that in order for soft forms of governance to be effective, European law and policy must become reflexive. In the areas of European social and employment policies, flexicurity and the debate over a European Social Model play an important role in this process.only subscribers can see the full article