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Rps 3/4 2016

È disponibile online il numero doppio 3-4/2016 di Rps. Il fascicolo dedica la sezione monografica al Tema delle disuguaglianze economiche oggi in Italia.

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governance

The Crisis as a Factor for Reorganizing Local Welfare: the Case of the Marches

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This article analyses the changes in the regulations and institutions of the social policies system following the economic crisis through the case study of the region of the Marches, and starts from the theory that less structured institutional contexts are feeling the economic crisis more markedly and their choices tend to break with the general trend of the last ten years. The change of institutional paradigm taking place in the Marches suggests a series of reflections of national significance on the potentiality and limitations of local governance and organization as encouraged by law 328/2000, bringing out some of the main limitations and potentiality in the processes of institutional learning at local level.only subscribers can see the full article

Informational Basis for Judgment and Deliberative Democracy: What’s Wrong with Governance Technologies?

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The building of informational bases of judgment must be considered as a key issue for research on deliberative democracy. Usually, research on that issue focuses on the optimal rules that could achieve fair intercommunication between participants. But such focus neglects that who chooses the knowledge basis, which has to be taken as relevant, is in a position for predefining the kinds of outcomes of the deliberative process. This is precisely what can be observed in governance mechanisms like the European method of coordination. How to democratically build a knowledge basis, both fair and efficient, to assess capabilities? And how to place capabilities at the core of public policies? Such an undertaking implies the active participation of people to knowledge building, through processes of deliberative inquiry, able to transform their practical experience into general knowledge relevant for fair collective choices. The contribution explores what legitimate claims people can formulate with regards to knowledge building and what rules, possibly, such processes could follow. only subscribers can see the full article

What future for those in long-term care

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The article reflects on the topic of those in long-term care, pointing out how, despite the commitments of the various governments that have succeeded each other in the last decade, there has never been any serious action to fully tackle the problem of the ageing of the population and the consequences of its pathologies. Interventions in Italy have been in the form of monetary transfers rather than investment in social and community services, effectively opening the way to a response based on private insurance. The article emphasizes the need to increase public responsibility and economic and productive planning that is able to respond to the new needs determined by the ageing of the population, as well as the importance of initiating a discussion between the social partners and the institutions to define the role, functions, professional classification and training of those working in the services, and a governance between the functions of the state, the regions and local and private bodies, with the aim of making social services both more effective and more efficient.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Long-term Care :: governance :: ageing ::

OPEN METHOD OF COORDINATION

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The open method of coordination is a third way between intergovernmental cooperation and community method, in that it leaves an ample margin of manoeuvre to the member states, ensuring both that the Union has a guiding role through a procedure of comparison between the action of European countries in a context of mutual learning. The OMC was designed to ensure the necessary institutional changes and a new democratic legitimacy for the Union; however, as much of the literature indicates, the extension of the open method of coordination does not seem to have achieved these goals. In addition, if the new Treaty institutionalizes the responsibilities for coordination in the Union, a complete “constitutionalization” of the OMC will not be achieved. The incorporation of the Nice Charter of Fundamental European Rights brings out, however, the advance of the process of “constitutionalizing” “social Europe”: social rights are now the fundamental values of the integration process. Nevertheless, the guarantees for social rights given at national level by judges and Constitutional Courts cannot be regarded as interchangeable with those granted by the Community.only subscribers can see the full article

Governing Welfare at Local Level: a Note on Policy, Bureaucracy and Coalitions of Interests

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in the issue
Europe and Regions
The article is written from a particular point of view, that of a regional administrator who has also had many years of research experience in Italian universities, studying welfare systems, and offers a reasoned account of some key critical aspects of the creation of social policies at regional level. It thus offers an inside analysis of the regional administrative machine, using the techniques and tools of university research. It illustrates some of the main points involved with making social policy at regional level, connected with intervention models and philosophies, the characteristics of the administrators, and the relation between bureaucracy and policy and between the various levels of government.only subscribers can see the full article

Third Sector: from Integration to Replacement of the Public System?

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The article shows the decisive impact of three dimensions linked to the role of the third sector in social policies: how politicians see nonprofit organizations, how social services delegate, and how social policies involve and plan at local level. As a result of how these three aspects are developing, the subsidiarization of welfare is almost naturally starting to modify the roles of those involved, towards spaces of new privatization of social intervention, that betray the institutive aims of non-profit organizations.only subscribers can see the full article

POLICY COORDINATION IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AFTER 2010: TOWARDS AN ARCHITECTURE OF INCLUSIVE GOVERNANCE

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The Lisbon Strategy’s architecture of governance was modified, formally or informally, various times in the course of its ten years of life. This study dwells on these changes, contributing to the ongoing debate on the future of the Lisbon Strategy and the appropriate architecture of governance for coordinating Eu policies after 2010. The paper is in two main parts; the first reconsiders the governance of the Lisbon Strategy since March 2000, giving a general critical view of the three main phases of its development. The second looks forward, examining an appropriate future architecture of governance for coordinating Eu policies after 2010. The last part assesses the probable outcomes of the ongoing debate on the Lisbon Strategy post-2010, on the basis of the information available at the moment of writing.only subscribers can see the full article

Principles of good government for revising the governance of Inps

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In Italy, in the last two decades there has been much debate on how to reform the governance of social security institutions. Nevertheless, this debate has resulted in a reform law that did not solve the limits of the previous governance set-up but rather them worsen it by concentrating the powers previously granted to a board of governors in the hands of a single body: that of the President. After a review of the economic literature on the issue, we examine the limitations of the present set-up and make a number of recommendations to the government on how to overcome them.only subscribers can see the full article

The struggle for coherence in EU migration governance

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Within the EU there is currently an explicit struggle to articulate and render coherent a range of policies, narratives, definitions and processes for governing migration, and in particular for introducing new governing logics and relationships under the heading of ‘new immigration policy’. The struggle to assert a coherent governance regime in the field of migration involves combining and re-combining different policy narratives, institutional assumptions and relationships within the EU, and between EU and member states. In this article we identify and evaluate the key, often contradictory narratives, mediated among the institutions and broader dynamics of EU policymaking: (human) rights, security, economic needs, and social integration. These discourses interact to construct a new, identifiable policy terrain of European migration governance. only subscribers can see the full article

Governance of Social Policy in Eu: Involvement of the Social Partners and National Influence

This article offers a short review of the main tools available to the European Union (Eu) for intervening in social and labour policy. This analysis aims to illustrate the themes that are part of the social dialogue in Europe, the European employment strategy (Ees) and the process for coordinating pensions policy, known as the Open Method of Coordination (Omc). For each of these tools we shall try to evaluate the degree of involvement of the social partners, with particular reference to the trade union movement. Beyond the European rhetoric based on «social partnership», the concrete development of the three processes illustrates a limited involvement of the unions in European governance with the risk of making their influence on the European agenda for social and labour policy marginal. only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Europe :: governance :: social dialogue ::