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RPS 1 2017

In uscita ad aprile il numero 1/2017: Il servizio sociale italiano nell’ambito dell’attuale sistema di welfare sarà il focus della sezione monografica del n.

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immigration

Leading separate lives. Local exclusion policies for immigrants

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Populisms in Europe
In Italy, as in other countries of southern Europe, immigration in the last twenty years has found many opportunities in the labour market, both official and unofficial. More recently, however, the government has toughened its policies towards immigration, although in practice the implementation of the measures has been very different from the rhetoric, particularly on the key theme of unauthorized immigration. But there has also been an increase in local measures against immigrants, particularly in the regions of northern Italy, where immigrants are most integrated into the labour market and the urban texture: measures to limit access to benefits and social services to Italian citizens; extremely noisy campaigns to combat illegal immigration, to the point of encouraging tip-offs to the authorities and house-to-house checks; bans on the opening of places of worship by Muslims; and restrictive regulations for ethnic businesses. Often these measures are later revoked, whether because of the mobilization of pro-immigrant opinion, or intervention by the courts or other officials, but they help spread a climate of mistrust and ill-feeling. only subscribers can see the full article

Immigrants and public finances in Italy

Articolo scritto da:

The impact of immigration on the public finances of the destination coutnries is a crucial aspect of the debate on the effects of the phenomenon. This article collects the administrative data on revenue and services to immigrants in Italy, along with estimates on other administrative data. The study is limited by the fact that the information is not homogeneous as regards the relevant aggregate and the year concerned. The positive effects of immigrants on the public finances in Italy seem quite significant. only subscribers can see the full article

Social Work and Foreign Women: Reflection on Rights and Emersion Dynamics – I

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Migration
The «Bossi-Fini» law has brought to the fore the issue of domestic and care workers, one of the most important aspects of immigration in Italy. The most appropriate stance to take on this matter is debated in this paper. The author puts forward some proposals, weighing up the pros and cons.only subscribers can see the full article

Migratory Networks and Ethnic Identity: a Process of Social Construction

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Migration
The article draws on the recent regularisation to illustrate the importance of ethnic networks in insertion processes of immigrant workers. It is claimed that the importance of migratory networks is exalted by the reluctance of public policies for immigration management and by trends in the contemporary labour market. From this consideration, forms of «ethnic specialisation» are derived, which should not always be interpreted negatively as the alternative would be even more serious forms of social exclusion of immigrant workers. Finally, it illustrates network construction and ethical identification phenomena as the outcome of social construction processes in which endogenous dynamics of immigrant populations come up against stereotypes and prejudices of the host society, producing reciprocal reinforcement effects.only subscribers can see the full article

Southern Europe in the Mirror of European Traditional Immigration Countries

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Europe has experienced the intensification of immigrant flow since the mid-1990s and related to this process a new European policy has been built up at Eu level. In spite of this general trend, the intensity of migration flows, the types of migration, the migrant’s performance in the labour market, the policies oriented towards migrants’ social integration, meaningfully vary between European countries, according to the different conditions in each case, shaped by the various welfare state models, by previous migration policies and also by the structure and dynamics of the labour markets. More debate is needed about how to match these divergent trends with a homogeneous official discourse and policy on immigration at European level. At the same time, the impact that migration has on the welfare states is also different. only subscribers can see the full article

Children of immigrants and rights of citizenship

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The increased presence of pupils from immigrant families has been without doubt the most significant change to involve the Italian school system in recent years. A survey by Censis for the Cnel, in relation to the primary and middle school has brought out the problems that schools and families are facing, possible solutions that have been tried or that are feasible, and the crucial problems to be solved. It reminds us of the need for an overall rethinking of educational policy so as to identify priorites and costs, and to guarantee an overall improvement in the quality of teaching and a modernization of the system, two goals that can no longer be deferred. Specifically, there seem to be three areas for effective, large-scale intervention: in the syllabus, in staff-student and student-student relations, and in general organization.only subscribers can see the full article

Immigrant Family Structure and Strategies

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The paper examines the role of the family in the migratory process and strategies, highlighting how family represents an important variable in the determination and understanding of their development in Italy. The analysis of this institution and its dynamism helps us to understand changes that family introduces both in the country of origin and in the host country. The important role of migratory flows clearly emerges in the process of change affecting our society and its institutions as well as the institutions in the country of origin, as they act as accelerators in the processes of change. The paper thus focuses on migratory families as well as intra-family and social dynamics, and additional matrimonial work they have to do. The article also examines the various forms of families formed through immigration, especially reunited, transnational and mixed families. only subscribers can see the full article

Regulation of Migratory Flows and Recruitment Strategies

in the issue
Migration
The article proposes an analysis of the impact of the Italian system for the regulation of migratory flows on corporate recruitment choices, referring to the results of a research on the building, health and Ict sectors. The inquiry, developed within an international project, examines migratory flows from the singular viewpoint of labour demand, namely the enterprises. The regulation system and quota restrictions of migratory flows influences the strategic choices of enterprises which use non-Eu labour force, thus influencing migratory movements.only subscribers can see the full article

Labour Law in the «Bossi-Fini» from the Perspective of Eu Policies

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Migration
The paper analyses the main aspects of Law No. 189/2002 - known as the «Bossi-Fini Law» 0150 with reference to innovations in immigration due to labour migration. A comparative analysis of the main European countries is conducted and special attention is given to the Eu policies that are developing, based on new attributions to the Eu from the Amsterdam Treaty. The interpretation key adopted highlights a methodological defect of the recent italian reform of immigration for labour migration. In particular, the italian reform exceeds in its political significance and is poor in legislative substance. As a result its interpretation and application are prone to distortion, furthermore, emphasis is placed on the less innovative and/or more regressive positions of the community policy under definition.only subscribers can see the full article

Populism’s Challenge to Liberal Democracy

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Populisms in Europe
Starting from reflections on the success of populist parties in Europe, which have recently been part of the government in various countries, including Italy, this article discuss the challenge they involve for the fundamental principles of liberal democracy, which can be summed up in the principle of «limited (restrained) majority rule». By analysing some parts of a questionnaire circulated among members of the Northern league and the Swiss Svp we can evaluate the importance the question of immigration/«security» and «identity» questions like the defence of dialects and traditions have recently had in attracting some sectors of the electorate towards populist parties. On the basis of the questionnaire, the article also examines what the supporters of populist parties think of their actions on these topics when in government. In conclusion, the article claims that, while the concept of «representation » is compatible with populist ideology, the same cannot be said as regards the fundamental principles of liberal democracy.only subscribers can see the full article