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immigration

Southern Europe in the Mirror of European Traditional Immigration Countries

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Europe has experienced the intensification of immigrant flow since the mid-1990s and related to this process a new European policy has been built up at Eu level. In spite of this general trend, the intensity of migration flows, the types of migration, the migrant’s performance in the labour market, the policies oriented towards migrants’ social integration, meaningfully vary between European countries, according to the different conditions in each case, shaped by the various welfare state models, by previous migration policies and also by the structure and dynamics of the labour markets. More debate is needed about how to match these divergent trends with a homogeneous official discourse and policy on immigration at European level. At the same time, the impact that migration has on the welfare states is also different. only subscribers can see the full article

Children of immigrants and rights of citizenship

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The increased presence of pupils from immigrant families has been without doubt the most significant change to involve the Italian school system in recent years. A survey by Censis for the Cnel, in relation to the primary and middle school has brought out the problems that schools and families are facing, possible solutions that have been tried or that are feasible, and the crucial problems to be solved. It reminds us of the need for an overall rethinking of educational policy so as to identify priorites and costs, and to guarantee an overall improvement in the quality of teaching and a modernization of the system, two goals that can no longer be deferred. Specifically, there seem to be three areas for effective, large-scale intervention: in the syllabus, in staff-student and student-student relations, and in general organization.only subscribers can see the full article

Immigrant Family Structure and Strategies

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The paper examines the role of the family in the migratory process and strategies, highlighting how family represents an important variable in the determination and understanding of their development in Italy. The analysis of this institution and its dynamism helps us to understand changes that family introduces both in the country of origin and in the host country. The important role of migratory flows clearly emerges in the process of change affecting our society and its institutions as well as the institutions in the country of origin, as they act as accelerators in the processes of change. The paper thus focuses on migratory families as well as intra-family and social dynamics, and additional matrimonial work they have to do. The article also examines the various forms of families formed through immigration, especially reunited, transnational and mixed families. only subscribers can see the full article

Regulation of Migratory Flows and Recruitment Strategies

in the issue
Migration
The article proposes an analysis of the impact of the Italian system for the regulation of migratory flows on corporate recruitment choices, referring to the results of a research on the building, health and Ict sectors. The inquiry, developed within an international project, examines migratory flows from the singular viewpoint of labour demand, namely the enterprises. The regulation system and quota restrictions of migratory flows influences the strategic choices of enterprises which use non-Eu labour force, thus influencing migratory movements.only subscribers can see the full article

Labour Law in the «Bossi-Fini» from the Perspective of Eu Policies

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in the issue
Migration
The paper analyses the main aspects of Law No. 189/2002 - known as the «Bossi-Fini Law» 0150 with reference to innovations in immigration due to labour migration. A comparative analysis of the main European countries is conducted and special attention is given to the Eu policies that are developing, based on new attributions to the Eu from the Amsterdam Treaty. The interpretation key adopted highlights a methodological defect of the recent italian reform of immigration for labour migration. In particular, the italian reform exceeds in its political significance and is poor in legislative substance. As a result its interpretation and application are prone to distortion, furthermore, emphasis is placed on the less innovative and/or more regressive positions of the community policy under definition.only subscribers can see the full article

Populism’s Challenge to Liberal Democracy

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in the issue
Populisms in Europe
Starting from reflections on the success of populist parties in Europe, which have recently been part of the government in various countries, including Italy, this article discuss the challenge they involve for the fundamental principles of liberal democracy, which can be summed up in the principle of «limited (restrained) majority rule». By analysing some parts of a questionnaire circulated among members of the Northern league and the Swiss Svp we can evaluate the importance the question of immigration/«security» and «identity» questions like the defence of dialects and traditions have recently had in attracting some sectors of the electorate towards populist parties. On the basis of the questionnaire, the article also examines what the supporters of populist parties think of their actions on these topics when in government. In conclusion, the article claims that, while the concept of «representation » is compatible with populist ideology, the same cannot be said as regards the fundamental principles of liberal democracy.only subscribers can see the full article

The development of citizenship laws: a global perspective

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In this work we examine the development of citizenship laws in the world. Our analysis is based on a databank we compiled that documents this development for 162 countries in the period 1948-2001. On the basis of an econometric study our results can be summarized as follows. The original juridical tradition – the application of the jus soli rather than the jus sanguinis – continues to have an effect on current legislation. The pressure of migration tends to limit how open the legislation is, restricting the application of the jus soli. One of the factors determining greater openness is the degree of democracy and demographic stagnation. only subscribers can see the full article

Social Work and Foreign Women: Reflection on Rights and Emersion Dynamics – II

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in the issue
Migration
Faced with the progressive ageing of the population, of which Italy has the world primacy, this paper examines the opportunity and urgency of concrete solutions to the requirement for reorganisation and consolidation of services/benefits for dependent persons. Possible solutions are prospected: prevention but also setting up a fund for dependent persons in order to curb the inevitable and realistic rise in social and health spending, the preparation, training and in general protection of the delicate care work performed by family members, care workers and service operators who look after dependent persons. A constant balance between quantitative increase and quality guarantees needs to be maintained and controlled by the public authorities.only subscribers can see the full article

The New Framework of Nationalities and Immigrant Work

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in the issue
Migration
The incidence of immigrants on Italian population is still slight compared with other European countries and is far below the Eu average, yet there has been a considerable rise in recent years. The paper analyses the composition of the immigrant population and the transformations that took place due to the latest regularisation sanctioned by the «Bossi-Fini Law». The authors analyse the changes that have occurred in this context, in particular, the shift in the geographic axis of migrations - with an increase in immigration from Eastern countries, the considerable growth in female immigration, the rise in immigrant stabilisation processes in Italian society, evident, above all, in the labour market.only subscribers can see the full article

Immigration in Oecd Countries - A Multifaceted Panorama

in the issue
Migration
The paper examines the main evolutions in international migrations in Oecd countries, whose flows have been profoundly modified by important geopolitical events which marked the beginning of the third millennium and the end of the previous one. Along side the persistence of traditional migrations, new migratory currents emerge. Starting out from this analysis, the authors identify some of the future challenges, especially regarding the international mobility of workforce - particularly highly qualified personnel - and the integration of foreign or migrant workers in the labour market. Migratory policies must respond to this situation in order to satisfy labour market requirements and at the same time adhere to international and humanitarian commitments.only subscribers can see the full article