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RPS 3 2017

È online il numero 3/2017 di Rps. Il fascicolo dedica la sezione monografica al futuro dei diritti sociali in Europa. Nella sezione Attualità si discute di politiche fiscali e welfare.

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immigration

Migrants and Citizenship in a Time of Global Crises

This article deals with the migration issue taking into consideration the broader general concept of citizenship and the different ways it is conceived: formal, affective and democratic ones. Inclusion processes for immigrants are considered in the context of various crises – not just the global financial and economic one – that affect the international realm. After analysing the immigration figures and citizenship procedures in relation to other important European countries, the article focuses on the national domain. Italian public opinion concerning the question of immigration is studied by using longitudinal survey data. This section’s key question is whether or not the economic crisis has compromised the cultural and the attitudinal basis for immigrants’ inclusion in Italy. The final remarks stress on the need to govern, with appropriate and forward-looking policies, the issue of immigration and the broader theme of citizenship in connection with the trends of public opinion. The economic and financial crisis, together with the crisis of representative democracy and the risk society implications, define the scenario in which these dynamics are framed.only subscribers can see the full article

The juridical framework regulating the employment of recent immigrants

Articolo scritto da:

The article deals with the impact of immigration in Europe and in the UK in particular. Laws disciplining the employing of recent migrants have become more and more restrictive and the interaction of immigration rules and labour law is damaging to the social well-being and employment of recent migrants. The article summarizes the history of immigration policies and shows that in Europe there is a common policy to reduce immigration, limit the reuniting of families and encourage professional, qualified immigrants, excluding unqualified workers. The article concludes that this policy is contradictory and damaging for the well-being of both the indigenous and migrant populations of Europe.only subscribers can see the full article

«Migrant»

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in the issue
Migration
The author considers the term «migrant» to discuss the possibility and legitimacy of defining immigrants solely on the basis of a static cultural affiliation. The logic of alien worlds that meet, or clash, doesn’t help to settle problems that emerge from day to day relations. The construction of individual or group identity is a process that comes up against the complexity of the modern world, as discerned from migrants’ testimonies: stratified and changeable identities, aspirations and dreams that transcend both the traditional world of the homeland and the mass culture of industrialised countries.only subscribers can see the full article

Immigrant Women as Actors of Social Insertion

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in the issue
Migration
The paper analyses the migratory situation in Italy from a gender perspective, considered important not only because it is significant numerically but also due to the particular forms and modalities it has taken on over the decades. Immigrant women are present in all Italian regions although their situation has modified in relation to the changing characteristics of migratory flows over the years. The author analyses the various strategies and trajectories that have guided and still guide women in their decision to immigrate to our country. Indeed how the women have arrived in the country, their motives for leaving the homeland and their migratory projects have conditioned integration in the new context.only subscribers can see the full article

Migration in Europe - Current Issues and Trends

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in the issue
Migration
The article describes the current demographic situation and migration trends in Europe. It discusses the conceptual and empirical gaps resulting from the use of different criteria to categorize foreigners. The recent and foreseeable impact of Eu enlargement and the potential for further East-West migration within Europe are considered, along with the growing level of immigration to Southern Europe. The article draws attention to the fact that integration of non-Eu nationals has become a key subject of concern across Europe, and national policies are being adapted in response: with regard to integration the article examines the evolutions in Austria, Germany and the Netherlands. Lastly, common Eu policies on migration and frontier management, asylum seekers and family reunification are also discussed.only subscribers can see the full article

Re-institutionalization? Immigration

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The economic, social and cultural crisis that is conditioning negatively relations between people and an open attitude to diversity, along with the political delay in tackling immigration pragmatically and not as an emergency, are driving significant numbers of migrants into conditions of marginalization and institutionalization. Methodological approaches that lead to local policies that resist the definitive stabilization of situations of exclusion for the migrant population see inclusion policies as a strategy for improving the life of the whole community and suggest interventions on various levels, from actions that would affect the social representation of immigration to more integrated services, which are necessary if we are to fully grasp their complexity.only subscribers can see the full article

Immigration, multiculturalism and welfare state

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It is widely believed that a viable welfare state depends on achieving and maintaining a high level of solidarity amongst citizens, and that this solidarity is eroded by increasing levels of ethnic and racial diversity due to immigration. If true, there is a trade-off between a more open and accommodating approach to immigrants, on the one hand, and the maintenance of a robust welfare state. In this paper, however, we argue that claims about an inevitable trade-off between diversity and solidarity are premature. The evidence to date, and our own research, shows that a multicultural welfare state is a viable prospect.only subscribers can see the full article

Services System and Social Citizenship Access

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in the issue
Migration
The paper analyses the level of preparation of the local welfare system targeted at immigrants, focusing specifically on the social requirements of foreign citizens as well as the chance to achieve integration. On the basis of the experience acquired by the city council of Reggio Emilia, some characteristics of the intervention system aimed at the integration of immigrants are outlined.only subscribers can see the full article

Evolution of the Asylum Discipline in Italy: European Context and Future Scenarios

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in the issue
Migration
The rise in flows of asylum seekers from the 90s onwards has led Europe to redefine the protection sanctioned in the post war years at the international level, adopting status recognition procedures which allow the principles/symbols to remain intact while modifying (or limiting) the contents. The legislative evolution in Italy follows the same pattern: while attempts to adopt a complete immigration and asylum act struggle to take off, in Italy the matter is partially regulated, in its procedural aspects, by the «Martelli Law», extensively reformed in 2002 with the «Bossi-Fini Law». The paper outlines the fundamental legislative passages, taking into consideration also the draft law under discussion in Parliament, the executory rule which requires approval for the coming into effect of modifications due to the «Bossi-Fini Law» on asylum, and the risks of unconstitutionality derived by the latent conflict between legitimate worries to curb clandestine immigration and the duty to protect those who flee from persecutions in their own country.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Italy :: immigration :: asylum discipline :: Eu ::

The events at Rosarno: reasons and responses

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This essay analyses the events at Rosarno to identify the reasons and roots of the problems behind the revolt of the immigrant workers. The fundamental nucleus of these questions is the serious exploitation of workers and the marked social isolation in which these farm workers were living. Nevertheless, their living conditions and salaries were absolutely in line with those of immigrant farm-workers in other parts of Southern Italy. To prevent a repetition of these events, the institutions should take responsibility for the conditions of immigrant farm-workers, particularly seasonal ones.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: labour :: immigration :: farming :: exploitation :: revolt ::