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Rps 2 2017

È disponibile online il numero 2/2017 di Rps. Il fascicolo dedica la sezione monografica al welfare occupazionale. Nella sezione Attualità si discute di diseguaglianze di salute.

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Italy

The difficult transition from employment regulation to welfare policies

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
The Italian case
This article considers recent trends in labour market reforms in Italy. We critically review the reform approach adopted in recent years, mainly centred on marginal legislative reforms in employment contracts. The diffusion of flexible labour contracts, especially among the younger generations and women, together with a welfare system still based on employment seniority and job characteristics, have reinforced the segmentation of the Italian labour market and social inequalities. The absence of a negotiating strategy in introducing reforms has also increased social conflict. only subscribers can see the full article

Working Time in Italian Industrial Relations. An Historical Overview

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
The issue of working time and hours has always been at the forefront of Italian collective bargaining in Italy. The paper gives an overview of its evolution, highlighting how most objectives for the containment and duration of hours to the advantage of work has progressively shifted towards objectives for the negotiation and control of flexibilisation of working time requested by the companies. Recognition of this situation has indeed brought to the fore critical aspects, but also proposals that point out how working time bargaining is in Italy one of the most innovative areas of collective bargaining.only subscribers can see the full article

Social Shock Absorbers and Bilateral Bodies: a Review of Regulations and Collective Agreements

Articolo scritto da:

Bilateralism is certainly one of the tools with which the Italian unions help run some important segments of national welfare. The origins and development of bilateral bodies is essentially part of this aim and it developed significantly, not everywhere but in some specific environments, as in the case of state involvement in some contractual insurance schemes, of professional training, and of income support on the temporary and/or permanent loss of a job. In this last case this was particularly necessary because of the culpable and continuing lack of universalistic tools of public cover in the case of involuntary loss of work. However, we need to understand whether this surrogate form is to become a general rule, as the centre-right seems to desire, or whether we should seize the opportunity of changes in the labour market to at last see to a structural reform of the system of social protection. only subscribers can see the full article

The Role of Irap in the Italian Fiscal System

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The paper examines the role of Irap in the Italian taxation system. In particular it analyses the role of this regional tax in the 1997-98 fiscal reform in the light of the objectives to simplify and streamline the system, increase neutrality, reinforce the financial autonomy of the regions and reform their funding. Successive developments are also looked into, especially the greater autonomy of the regions. The matter of the announced abolishment of Irap is discussed considering the problems faced by the regions in terms of financial autonomy and coverage.only subscribers can see the full article

Regionalization and Professional Training

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Europe and Regions
In Italy the constitutional reform of section V in 2001 attributes legislative responsibility for education and professional training to the Regions/Autonomous Provinces. These territorial institutions passed regulations to create integrated sysytems of training and education that would bear in mind manufacturing requirements and, some more than others, to integrate the various channels of financing. Starting from this scenario, the essay provides an up-to-date account of the regional system of education and professional training in Italy, dwelling in particular on the regional laws and the operative regional plans (Por) Esf 2007-2013 for Emilia-Romagna and Campania which underwrite agreements with the social partners for a complementary use of (national and regional) public and private (joint regional funds) resources for continuous training.only subscribers can see the full article

Regular and Hidden Precariousness - Foreign Workers in the Italian Labour Market

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Migration
Law No. 189/02 represented an opportunity for immigrant work to come out into the open and be regularised. It has been successful, well beyond the intentions of the promoters, as the measure was supposed to concentrate on service jobs but, instead, it also involved subordinate workers in enterprises (Law No.222/02). This legislative intervention allowed a more accurate assessment of how migrants workers, both regular and hidden, are now an essential and structural factor of a large part of the productive sector. Reflections on these matters are outlined in this paper, contributing to the development of the discussion on the issue by proposing a reinterpretation of different phases of migratory flows in our country and considering the various relationships between immigration and work precariousness in each period.only subscribers can see the full article

Italy. National and Regional Health System: Debts and Equity

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Europe and Regions
Tax federalism in Italy is closing in on us, while the gap between North and South increases. In the welfare system the gap concerns both essential levels of services as well as the economic-financial situation. Analysing the balance sheets of recent years and some indicators of the state of organisation of the regional health services, we can see how the deficit in many Regions is not due to under-financing so much as to different planning and organisational choices. In the less virtuous Regions there is an extremely close link between deficits and distortions in services, while in the more virtuous Regions the positive balance results are accompanied by indicators that show better organisation and greater appropriateness. This is confirmed by the plans of the six Regions with serious deficits for dealing with the situation. This shows the importance of local governance and at the same time the need, particularly in a federal country, for strong national control to guarantee uniform essential services throughout the country. only subscribers can see the full article

Editor’s note

Articolo scritto da:

Following a still recent custom, this issue of «Rps» reprints the contributions to the journal’s second annual Forum. It is a discussion that took place in November 2006 on the subject of various aspects of the Italian health-care system, and reprinting it was a complex matter: we did not want a mechanical reproduction of the original talk, but something rethought and rewritten by the speakers as much as possible. Not the least of the complications for this edition was our desire to publish the whole material in English too, convinced as we are that reflection on the social situation in Italy has a vital need of contributions from abroad. only subscribers can see the full article

Italy. National and regional health services: deficits and fairness

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
The Italian case
Tax federalism in Italy is around the corner, while the gap between North and South increases. In the health and welfare system the gap concerns both essential service levels and the economic-financial situation. Analysing the running costs in the last few years and some indicators of the state of organisation of the regional health services, we can see how the deficit in many Regions is not due to under-financing so much as to different planning and organisational choices. In the less virtuous Regions there is an extremely close connection between deficits and distortions in the supply of seronly subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: federalism :: Italy :: health system :: deficit ::

The Italian White paper on welfare

Articolo scritto da:

The present government has clearly shown from the start its intention to make decisive changes in the welfare system. After the Green Paper on the future of the social model (summer 2008), which launched a frontal attack on the welfare of collective responsibilities and citizenship, the May 2009 White Paper, The Good Life in an Active Society, is an extremely insidious attempt to build a framework for government choices in social policy, from the health service to pensions and labour policies, that move towards reduced public welfare, based more and more on category-corporative and private characteristics. Its premise is that the Italian welfare state has failed in his fundamental aims, and starting from these undemonstrated and sometimes false assumptions, it proposes aims that, for all its fair words, are very different from those of welfare citizenship. The essay discusses this, with particular reference to training and labour policies, and the new activism of the bilateral bodies.only subscribers can see the full article