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RPS 1 2017

In uscita ad aprile il numero 1/2017: Il servizio sociale italiano nell’ambito dell’attuale sistema di welfare sarà il focus della sezione monografica del n.

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Italy

The Constitution and social and labour rights in a changing Italy

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
The Italian case
Starting from a re-reading of the Constitution and the Fordist-Bismarckian ethos and foundations of Italian welfare, the author draws attention to some aspects being affected by the crisis and change. In particular he identifies in some sectors of welfare a trend – in line with the principles of the Constitution – towards a universalist vision that is making system more «mixed» than its original «pure» employment type. The article describes development of ordinary legislation in the early decades of the Republic and changes in labour and social law.only subscribers can see the full article

Taxes and Development Restraints. Some Considerations on Innovation and Productivity in Italy

Articolo scritto da:

The main objective of this paper is to provide arguments needed to support the thesis that the most serious obstacle to the construction of a competitive and fair economy in Italy is represented by the production structure, characterised by the prevalence of small or micro companies and by a manufacturing specialisation centred mostly on traditional production. This structure acts as a hindrance to the utilisation of human capital encouraging growth strategies which are not focused on the introduction of innovations, thus proving to be fragile. The removal of this obstacle requires different policy interventions other than tax cuts, reduction in social spending and the insistence on the flexibilisation of the labour market.only subscribers can see the full article

Regionalization and Social-Assistance Policies

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Europe and Regions
The article examines the emergence of new «spaces of social citizenship» at sub-national level in Italy with reference to welfare policies. In this sector, intermediate levels have traditionally had a major role since the Regions were first set up, and this has gradually extended to the attribution of exclusive responsibility in the matter, thanks to the recent reform of section V of the Constitution. After tracing the historical development of welfare policies in Italy, the article analyses the differences that exist at regional level in terms both of expenditure and of services offered. The essay concludes with some reflections on scenarios and prospects that are opening in our country today for the welfare sector, particularly wth reference to the process of defining essential levels of services.only subscribers can see the full article

Regulation of Migratory Flows and Recruitment Strategies

in the issue
Migration
The article proposes an analysis of the impact of the Italian system for the regulation of migratory flows on corporate recruitment choices, referring to the results of a research on the building, health and Ict sectors. The inquiry, developed within an international project, examines migratory flows from the singular viewpoint of labour demand, namely the enterprises. The regulation system and quota restrictions of migratory flows influences the strategic choices of enterprises which use non-Eu labour force, thus influencing migratory movements.only subscribers can see the full article

Regional Governances: Models and Performance’s Evaluation

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Europe and Regions
In the last thirty years Italy has witnessed a process of the decentring of regulatory and management powers for social policies from the state to the sub-national, and often regional, level. Starting from an analysis of regional welfare is useful, not only for analysing an important dimension of welfare organisation (most health expenditure is managed at this level and much of the resources and control of other social policies is in the hands of the Regions), but also to understand more generally how the regional political and socio-economic systems are changing. More territorialised welfare systems built to a greater extent around the sub-national level of government raise the problem of territorial difference and inequalities, particularly in a country like Italy, where these features are already evident. The article focuses on how different the performance levels are for systems of regional welfare and what might explain them, trying to evaluate the role of dimensions such as political orientation, models of governance, the level of economic development and the more socio-cultural aspects such as social capital.only subscribers can see the full article

Labour Market and Professionalization of the Care and Health System in Italy

Articolo scritto da:

This article presents and discusses some characteristic features of welfare work in Italy, to try and understand better some of the challenges that the welfare system is facing today and, still more, will be facing in the near future. To deal with this subject synthetically, I propose to start from two central elements in the development of the Italian labour market in this field. The first, in the social field, is that of the unofficial «carers», that is, the private care work provided mainly by immigrant women to old people who are not self-sufficient and to the disabled. The second, in the health field, is that of the acceleration of the professionalisation process in the last ten years. These two phenomena will involve discussion of the labour market, regulation of the professions and professionalism. only subscribers can see the full article

Regionalisation and social assistance policies in Italy

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
The Italian case
The article examines the emergence of new «spaces of social citizenship» at sub-national level in Italy with reference to welfare policies. In this sector, intermediate levels have traditionally had a major role since the Regions were first set up, and this has gradually extended to the attribution of exclusive responsibility in the matter, thanks to the recent reform of section V of the Constitution. After tracing the historical development of welfare policies in Italy, the article analyses the differences that exist at regional level in terms both of expenditure and of services offered. only subscribers can see the full article

Child benefit in Italy: redistributive effects

Articolo scritto da:

This essay analyses Italian child benefit in its traditional form and in the new system introduced in 1988 (ANF), as important tools of family income support in the national welfare system. The ANF is a significant part of expenditure on “family and maternity”, even though it accounts for a very small proportion of welfare expenditure in Italy, around half the European average. Reviewing the development in the regulations for the two systems from the beginning, there emerge effects on the role of services, on the redistributive aims, and on the size of the public financing of family positions. Estimates of the redistributive impact of the two benefits, made with the Itaxmod model of Isae, indicate that the effects of child benefit are important for those with average-low incomes. Those working in forming and building and those living in the South. The redistributive effects of the “old” benefits are limited, however, which continue to be at a fixed rate for each recipient, for very low sums and also conditioned by highly selected criteria. only subscribers can see the full article

Economic inequalities and «social malaise» in Italy

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
The Italian case
Italy is widely perceived as a country that is going through a phase of «malaise», mainly for economic reasons. Yet this «malaise» does not seem to emerge from the indicators that should pick it up. Income inequality and poverty have been pretty well stable for several years. After reviewing the development of inequality in the last two decades, these notes try to illustrate some phenomena that can explain the widespread perception of «social malaise» and that slip through the net of the traditional indicators. only subscribers can see the full article

Italy. Parenthood, Work and Reconciliation Conditions

Articolo scritto da:

The paper examines the main effects of the difficulties of reconciling life and work times in Italy. It then goes on to analyse a particular aspect of this difficulty, namely the incapacity of satisfying desired fertility plans. Analysing data from an inquiry on living conditions of families from a well off Italian province, there is empirical evidence of the positive effect of the type of work performed by the woman on the gap between children desired and effective. Some policy considerations are given in the conclusion.only subscribers can see the full article