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Italy

Regionalization and the Labour Market

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Europe and Regions
This essay examines the various phases in the development that has taken place over a decade in regional legislation on the labour market. It begins by considering the organisational and functional modernisation of labour services, a result of the administrative decentralisation of the late 1990s that implemented the so-called Bassanini Reform. But it was the constitutional reform of 2001, giving the Regions legislative power over «protection and safety in the workplace» that was, for some of them at least, the opportunity for rethinking the role of local administrations in overseeing the labour markets in their territory. Not only has there been a rethinking, more or less serious, of the oranisational and managerial model of the 1990s, but the Regions in particular, on the lookout as they are for areas of intervention that tend to be ignored by central government, have started to experiment new ways of encouraging «quality of work».only subscribers can see the full article

The New Framework of Nationalities and Immigrant Work

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Migration
The incidence of immigrants on Italian population is still slight compared with other European countries and is far below the Eu average, yet there has been a considerable rise in recent years. The paper analyses the composition of the immigrant population and the transformations that took place due to the latest regularisation sanctioned by the «Bossi-Fini Law». The authors analyse the changes that have occurred in this context, in particular, the shift in the geographic axis of migrations - with an increase in immigration from Eastern countries, the considerable growth in female immigration, the rise in immigrant stabilisation processes in Italian society, evident, above all, in the labour market.only subscribers can see the full article

The Italian educational system: structural failings and money-saving reforms

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
The Italian case
The author discusses the results of the Italian educational system presented in the most important national and international studies to bring out the limitations of educational and training policy in recent years, and highlights the political incapacity to see educational reforms as a subject of joint interest because related to a «common good», to reach agreement on priorities and aims, and to give continuity to the measures of different governments. As a result there are various dangers: an increasing distance of the situation in Italy from the indications of the European Union.only subscribers can see the full article

The Decline of the Italian Economy: Structural Change or Cyclical Transition?

Italy has been experiencing for the last three decades a long structural economic recession. Labour market reforms, austerity policies, wage moderation, and the deregulation of the real and the financial market do not appear to have contributed to turning the receding tide of the Italian productive system, but to exacerbating a situation of poor productivity, investment and technology. In this essay, we use «growth accounting» to measure the contribution of different factors to economic growth, and to isolate the determinants of the Italian slowdown. The resulting macroeconomic picture shows that the slowdown of the Italian economy is structural in nature and affects both the non-Ict and Ict sectors.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: productivity :: Italy :: competitiveness ::

Social shock absorbers. Increasing conditionality and «pulverisation» of governance in the Italian system

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
The Italian case
When the mechanisms of workfare enter the academic and political debate about the oft-announced reform of the social shock absorbers, they are often seen as a panacea that can solve the most serious defects of unfairness in the present system. The article that follows seeks to show how, the current legal position is already to a large extent in line with this aim, at least formally. Therefore, any reform clearly needs to fill the gap between the abstract provisions of the regulations and how they are actually applied, but also to intervene to strengthen the governance of the system.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Italy :: governance :: workfare :: regulations ::

From Working Time Flexibility to Numerical Flexibility. Considerations on Government Action and Union Intervention

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
The article examines the results of the application of law 30/03 in the light of trends in subsequent collective bargaining and the results of decisions made by the Cgil on the matter. Remarks are given on some inquiries conducted by Istat and other institutes on the influence of measures introduced by law 30 on the Italian labour market. The results obtained highlight that bargaining has mostly complied with the indications set by Cgil and that hints at a general weakening of Italian occupation are becoming visible, due mainly to the increasing rate of forward contracts, especially in the case of female occupation. It is thus necessary to radically modify current legislation.only subscribers can see the full article

Government guideliness on welfare. Cgil’s remarks

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
The Italian case
In recent years the contrast between two perspectives of how the welfare systems should develop has become sharper. There are some who claim that giving importance to work, knowledge and education are decisive factors for growth; others claim that growth, development and productivity are alternatives that are incompatible with welfare systems. In recent months Italian government presented measures that are strongly directed towards this second position. The article discusses the contents of the Green Paper on welfare which dictates guidelines that will guide strategic choices on social policy.only subscribers can see the full article

The Setting up of a Non Self-Sufficiency Fund in Italy

Articolo scritto da:

After having outlined the reasons to support public action for self-sufficiency policies, this paper deals with some of the main issues surrounding the debate on the activation of a public, universal self-sufficiency fund in Italy. Firstly, a concise presentation of the reasons to prefer the setting up of a specific fund to the mere reinvigoration of existent policies is given. Secondly, the importance of intergenerational equity and financial sustainability in the implementation of such a fund are high-lighted. Thirdly, some elements of the debate on the opportunity to activate a single national fund and/or numerous regional funds are illustrated. Lastly, some aspects of the possible strategies for the activation of the fund and its financing are briefly discussed.only subscribers can see the full article

Unions and Change Process. Interviews with Trade Unions Leaders

Articolo scritto da:

The following pages contain a series of structured interviews carried out in September and October 2008 and give an important picture of the current situation of the Italian unions. The interviewees are Susanna Camusso, Confederal Secretary Cgil, Dept of Productive Sector Sector Policies; Carla Cantone, General Secretary of Spi-Cgil; Franco Martini, General Secretary of Filcams-Cgil; Morena Piccinini, Confederal Secretary Cgil, Dept of Welfare and New Rights; Giorgio Santini, Confederal Secretary Cisl, Dept of Labour, Training and Development in Southern Italy; and Claudio Treves, co-ordinator of the Dept of Labour Policies in the Cgil. The interviews are organised in two parts: the first, common to all the interviews, consists of two general questions on the subject of representation and the efforts and real capacity of the unions to see and interpret the post-Fordist socio-economic changes in the perspective of building up a welfare system; the second has three different questions for each interviewee on more specific matters and union dynamics connected with bargaining and the new role of local bargaining, the identity of the unions and their specific role in European policies. only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: social protection :: trade union :: Italy ::

Non-Eu Clients of Job Services: an Exploratory Study

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Migration
According to the latest «Monitoring of Job Services» carried out by Isfol there are over 260,000 non-Eu workers registered at the Employment Centres (Cpi) at a rate of 6.5% at the national level but with peaks of up to 30% in some provinces. The stability and size of immigrant communities in Italy have thus led to their progressive use of public services. However these clients often make requests which are not strictly related to the labour market so that specific skills and professional figures are now required.only subscribers can see the full article