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Rps 3/4 2016

È disponibile online il numero doppio 3-4/2016 di Rps. Il fascicolo dedica la sezione monografica al Tema delle disuguaglianze economiche oggi in Italia.

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Italy

The Unions' Public-Interest Role

Articolo scritto da:

The unions originated and developed as organisations in defence of professional interests, but in some countries this basic aim has been supplemented by another pursuing general interests. In some countries the unions’ activities on behalf of the whole community are officially recognised, while in others the unions themselves began to perform them spontaneously. Widespread throughout Europe, the phenomenon has always been particularly marked in Italy. The essay examines the public-spiritedness of the Italian unions, its origins and development, the main areas in which it is expressed, and the advantages and disadvantages of this way of pursuing public interests. The conclusion aims to bring out the benefits that would derive from a fuller implementation of the principles of the constitution.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: trade union :: Italy :: public interest ::

Notes on the Concept of «Essential» in the Definition of the Lea

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Nhs
The variations between the notion of essential levels of health care (lea) and the meaning of minimal levels characterised the 90s in Italy and was resolved, in health legislation, with the choice of the Lea and their determination by decree. At the constitutional level, the notion of essential levels of services was confirmed by the constitutional revision in 2001. The paper runs through the steps of this process, the underlying meanings, showing how the notion of essential levels is closely linked to the existence of a national health service, binding together the different regional health services, characterised by their centripetal structure, with the exception of the Region of Lombardia.only subscribers can see the full article

Regionalization and Non-self-sufficient Policies

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in the issue
Europe and Regions
The article is based on a re-reading of some of the main results of an investigation by Ires (Institute of Economic and Social Research) on some of the characteristics of local systems’ social services for elderly non-self-sufficient persons. While bringing out some good practices to be found in the country both in regulations and in organisation and management, the study - carried out in 100 provincial capitals - confirms how widespread are traditional services for the non-self-sufficient, characterised by poor integrated services and by an imbalance between (most widespread) economic contributions and services. This introduces the complex subject of the relation and integration of «social» and «health» expenditure, which, whatever choice is made, will require the deployment of much greater resources than there have been in the past, although not necessarily starting from scratch. This raises the question of setting up «Funds for the non-self-sufficient» - now more and more often on a regional as well as national basis - understood as a «social» response able to channel and contain the economic effort that is inevitably required by the new challenge.only subscribers can see the full article

Immigrant Women as Actors of Social Insertion

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in the issue
Migration
The paper analyses the migratory situation in Italy from a gender perspective, considered important not only because it is significant numerically but also due to the particular forms and modalities it has taken on over the decades. Immigrant women are present in all Italian regions although their situation has modified in relation to the changing characteristics of migratory flows over the years. The author analyses the various strategies and trajectories that have guided and still guide women in their decision to immigrate to our country. Indeed how the women have arrived in the country, their motives for leaving the homeland and their migratory projects have conditioned integration in the new context.only subscribers can see the full article

The Structuring of Regional Health Services and the Governance of the Health System

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in the issue
Europe and Regions
In the 1990s decentring the national health service was the signal for processes of institutional differentiation between the Regions, from which emerged three models of governance for the health system. In recent years, however, most of the Regions have partially converged on regulatory solutions based on principles of cooperation and integration between the health organisations, pursued through negotiating or centralised planning. This trend is probably a response to the common problem of control of expenditure and financial retrenching, which, in the most critical cases, risks heavily conditioning regional autonomy, setting off process of recentralisation of the health service.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Italy :: devolution :: health system ::

The Repression of Citizenship. The Future of the Social Model in the White Paper

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in the issue
Women and Welfare
The White Paper on the future of the social model «The good life in an active society», presented as a natural sequel to the Green Paper by the Minister of Labour on 6 May 2009, has been widely criticized for the vagueness of its positions and for the gap between good intentions and actual lines of action. The article claims that the questions raised by the document do not concern only vagueness or abstractness, but that some of the proposals are dangerous and fallacious, and some of the statements made ambiguous. only subscribers can see the full article

Rise and Decline of Sustainable Welfare in Italy, 1960-2013

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The article presents a new alternative indicator to Gdp – the Sustainable welfare index (Swi) – a modified version of the Isew developed by Daly and Cobb (1989). Expressed in monetary terms, this synthetic measure of flows provides a proxy of aggregate welfare, with a comprehensive view of social and economic aspects and environmental sustainability. Swi is calculated for Italy over the period 1960-2013, providing a novel series of data, mapping the growth and decline of national sustainable welfare. Empirical results show that during the first three decades per capita Gdp and per capita Swi have evolved in parallel. Whereas the former continued to increase until 2007, Italy’s Swi peaked in 1991, then stabilised with significant oscillations, and has shown a sharp decline since the start of the 2008 financial and economic crisis.only subscribers can see the full article

Regionalism Italian style? Reflections on the financial dimension of regional social policy

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
The Italian case
This essay uses the financial dimension to analyse the present state of social regionalism in Italy following the profound changes that have affected the territorial organisation of responsibilities and functions. The picture that emerges is characterised by the persistence of various historical features of but also by some signs of change indicative of a desire by the regions to play a leading role. The combination of these two elements offers the prospect of opportunities, but also risks that could be related to the present territorial imbalance of social policy on a regional dimension.only subscribers can see the full article

Italy. Phases and Typologies of Reconcilement Policies

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in the issue
Times and Hours
Starting out from the premise that in order to encourage work/family reconcilement, it’s important to intervene at various levels - the sharing and redistribution of care work, market-targeted work modalities, organisation of local services, times and usability of life spaces - the paper examines the Italian case, demonstrating how reconcilement policies have been developed and consolidated due to pressure from the Eu and the importance of a nucleus of norms, the most important being law 53/2000. The variety of experiences conducted are traced back to three successive intervention phases and a type of reconcilement «measures» integrated by some proposals. Lastly, some critical aspects are highlighted for the development of these policies and the positive role of organisational innovation prospected and the resort to more advanced models for flexibility management. only subscribers can see the full article

The government Green Paper on welfare. Weak perspectives for structural problems

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
The Italian case
The article offers a general comment on the government Green Paper on welfare, designed to clarify the document’s underlying approach, its merits and intrinsic weaknesses. In particular, it brings out some errors of perspective and some contradictions in the government document: the «fiscal illusion», which encourages a reduction in public health cover, thus worsening the macroeconomic sustainability of overall health expenditure; the emphasis on the family, which is nevertheless asked to increase its role of making up for the shortcomings in the welfare system.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Italy :: Green Paper on welfare ::