login_rps_multi_inglese

Username:

Password:

Retrieve lost password

Username:

Password:

Hai perso la password?

firefox
Valid XHTML 1.0 Strict

poverty

The return of poverty: old problems, new challenges

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
The Italian case
Will poverty return with the present crisis or is it already part of the current situation in Italy? After considering Italy’s position in the world from the point of view of income inequality, this article dwells on some peculiarities of the «Italian poverty model». The main characteristics of the model are the gap between regions of the North and South and the family’s role in the processes of economic hardship. The future scenario of poverty must develop from these elements, which are worsened the lack of any non-discretionary and non-contributory universalistic measures of income support.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Italy :: poverty ::

The Working Poor. A Review of Sociological Studies

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Working poor
The article offers to describe the main lines of the question of the working poor, dealing with some interpretations, identifying different perspectives and drawing attention to some important elements of analysis chosen from the literature on the subject. The research examined shows the complexity and multidimensional nature of the phenomenon. It is the co-presence of several risk factors, at micro and macro level, that generates working poverty both directly and indirectly. Finally, the article argues for the social significance and great relevance of the subject and suggests it be made a specific object of empirical research.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: labour market :: poverty :: vulnerability ::

Poverty as an Adaptable Concept and Policy Informer

Articolo scritto da:

Each year the Commission on social exclusion presents a «Poverty Report» which illustrates, through a series of indicators and analyses, the main features of poverty in Italy and the policies which have been implemented to contrast it in the previous year. Most of the data presented initially seem to be easily interpreted but it is not always the case: in the construction of some indicators, there may be some hidden conceptual traps which can be misleading and offer a distorted vision of the reality. Without a «preventative» clarification of what is really meant by poverty, you run the risk of misinterpreting the real condition of poor families and the most appropriate policy measures needed to improve their standard of living. It is thus necessary to clear up any possible confusions to prevent any policy mystification from causing policy errors.only subscribers can see the full article

Immigrant Workers in Turin: Factors of Vulnerability and Processes of Impoverishment

Articolo scritto da:

The article presents the main results of some exploratory research in Turin on immigrant workers and the risks of poverty that they run. It analyses the impact of the economic situation on the living and working conditions of foreigners, showing how in Turin the present economic crisis is compromising the process of social integration in the last decade of many foreigners who had long been in Italy, and were being joined by their families, buying a house, and seeking to set up a stable life. The picture that emerges has many critical points: work conditions have worsened, many jobs have been lost, with people falling back on the black economy, encountering serious difficulties in finding work, and job protection being reduced.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: poverty :: immigration :: vulnerability ::

Poverty and social demand for a home: the new housing question and policy categories

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
The Italian case
The return of the housing question to the political agenda in Italy has a number of uncertainties: the conceptual and operational patterns for innovation risk blocking the necessary change of direction for dealing with the full gravity of the new forms of housing poverty and homelessness. To a large extent the problems derive from underestimating the weight of the processes of growth of social vulnerability. The article develops the idea that the combination of these processes and the dynamics of housing poverty must be the basis for policy innovation. only subscribers can see the full article

Income Support for Poor Workers, from the Point of View of Efficiency

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Working poor
This article is a contribution to the literature studying the possible tools for combating poverty. After tracing the main lines of «Making work pay» (Mwp) schemes, there is an analysis of the main features of Earned income tax credit (Eitc). The aim is to clarify how Eitc, which aims to redistribute wealth, also determines responses from economic agents that have a strong effect on efficiency. The work brings out how, on the basis of the theory of optimum taxation, the Mwp schemes can have effects in terms of efficiency in two different ways. The first concerns the risks linked to the creation of inefficiency traps (inactivity, unemployment, poverty), while the second concerns the contrasting effects of Eitc in relation to the extensive margin (being part of the labour market or not) and the intensive margin (variation in hours worked). The possibility of being able to reconcile redistribution and efficiency is still an open debate, useful for guiding the preparation of optimum policies of income support.only subscribers can see the full article

Trend in Safety Net Mechanism. A European Overview

Articolo scritto da:

The paper gives a brief overview of safety net mechanisms in Eu countries (before enlargement), outlining eligibility conditions after social protection adjustments and reforms in the 90s and the current trends in the activation of minimum income beneficiaries. By analysing the policies of European states, there emerges a prevalent model which foresees the activation of the beneficiaries of safety net mechanisms with rigid access/exclusion conditions. The excessive use of restrictive, conditional tools risks the re-emergence of the idea of «culpable» poverty, hence undermining the achievements of social inclusion policies.only subscribers can see the full article

The Impact of the Crisis on Foreign Workers. Returning Migrations in Campania

Articolo scritto da:

The article analyses «returning» internal migrations of immigrants in Italy, particularly towards the region of Campania. In the past this region had the dual role of a transit area and a stabilization area, but it is now becoming the main destination of immigrants who lose their jobs as a result of the crisis. In particular, the essay examines the impact these new internal flows have on social cohesion both in the regions being left and in the job market in Campania. Interviews with direct witnesses and immigrants reconstruct the processes of skidding and impoverishment in the context of the crisis of the Neapolitan model of survival, which had previously been able, however unsatisfactorily, to receive even those immigrants in the most desperate conditions.only subscribers can see the full article

Family Support Mechanism and the Fight Against Poverty. Reform Hypotheses - I

This paper proposes a reform of family allowance to combat poverty, coherent with the vision of human development welfare and the tradition of selective universalism of the Onofri Commission. The main contents of the reform are: a) Unification of the main tax deductions for minors and spending in the form of family allowances in a new and more effective spending measure to support families which resolves the problem of the incapacity of tax deductions. b) The full-scale introduction of the Minimum Income Mechanism whose experimentation had been initiated (but only to be interrupted). c) The reform of current selectivity criteria, especially the Ise tool. This reform aims to achieve better redistribution objectives than the current ones, concentrating available resources on families with minors and medium to low Ise. It should be maintained a certain level of selectivity in the interventions on the basis of family not individual criteria. The reform will also use any eventual additional resources to cover all urgent needs of our welfare systems rather than universalistic monetary redistribution.only subscribers can see the full article

The Basic Income as a Tool for Intervening on Inequality, Poverty and the Fragmentation of the Jobs Market

Articolo scritto da:

The Basic Income is a political idea of income support that can take the form of redistributive welfare aid, or can be conceived as a tool to fight poverty or, finally, can be seen as an instrument of guarantee for the increasing impoverishment and fragmentation of large segments of the labour market. Except for Greece and Italy, all the Eu countries have initiated Basic Income policies, but almost all are conditioned by active policies for bringing people into the labour market. In Italy, the experimental Minimum Income of Insertion (1998) was soon abandoned but the state has expanded the range of beneficiaries of social welfare and unemployment benefits. Little has been done at regional and municipal level yet, and depends on the availability of resources, but it still confirms there is a desire to explore this route.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: poverty :: Basic Income ::