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RPS 1 2017

In uscita ad aprile il numero 1/2017: Il servizio sociale italiano nell’ambito dell’attuale sistema di welfare sarà il focus della sezione monografica del n.

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poverty

The Basic Income as a Tool for Intervening on Inequality, Poverty and the Fragmentation of the Jobs Market

Articolo scritto da:

The Basic Income is a political idea of income support that can take the form of redistributive welfare aid, or can be conceived as a tool to fight poverty or, finally, can be seen as an instrument of guarantee for the increasing impoverishment and fragmentation of large segments of the labour market. Except for Greece and Italy, all the Eu countries have initiated Basic Income policies, but almost all are conditioned by active policies for bringing people into the labour market. In Italy, the experimental Minimum Income of Insertion (1998) was soon abandoned but the state has expanded the range of beneficiaries of social welfare and unemployment benefits. Little has been done at regional and municipal level yet, and depends on the availability of resources, but it still confirms there is a desire to explore this route.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: poverty :: Basic Income ::

After the Transition: Poverty, Inequalities and Welfare System in Eastern Europe

Articolo scritto da:

Poverty in post communist countries of Eastern Europe is the result not only of the transition to a market economy but also the rise to power of a new incapable and corrupt ruling class, the political priorities of governments and incoherent social policy measures. The most evident consequences of this transformation is a growth in poverty and income disparity. In fact there are great national and sub-regional differences. The situation is particularly critical in the Community of Independent States and in the south-eastern European countries, whereas it is less so in Central-Eastern Europe. Measures to reduce poverty have turned out to be inefficient and ineffective even if tailored to a definite target and means tested. Most reforms on welfare have been concentrated on pensions. With impending EU enlargement, increasingly greater influence must be yielded by the European social model or the strategy proposed by the World Bank. The central point seems to pivot on the matter of what political, social, institutional subject can initiate a broader reform of the welfare state.only subscribers can see the full article

Lisbon, open Method of Coordination, Eu2020: 10 Years of Social Indicators in the European Union

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The European Council has recently adopted «Europe 2020», the ambitious strategy for «smart, sustainable, inclusive growth» that will direct the action of the community and member countries in the fields of economic, employment, environmental and social policies over the next decade. Quantitative targets – five in all – play a fundamental role in it, and countries must commit themselves to reaching them by 2020 through concrete policy actions. One of the five targets concerns an indicator of poverty and social exclusion, and is fixed in absolute terms: 20 million people outside the poverty area in ten years. It is the conclusion of a long journey begun in Lisbon in 2000, when in the new community coordination of social policies, the indicators were at once considered fundamental ingredients of the process, the aim being to make the outcomes of the interventions more transparent and to compare more easily government action in the different countries and the time taken. The article recalls the fundamental stages in this journey.only subscribers can see the full article

Family Support Mechanism and the Fight Against Poverty. Reform Hypotheses - II

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Given shortcomings in present low income support measures, possible reforms are presented. The underlying consideration is to implement a joint reform of Irpef and family benefits by introducing tax cuts and benefits for minors regardless of income, and additional measures such as income transfer (negative taxation) in the case of fiscal incapacity; more progressivity of Irpef to obtain the necessary resources from high income earners to finance allowances and tax deductions. The redistributive effects of this reform are highlighted in favour of low and medium income families and the possibility to support young people by funding incentives to enable their entry to the labour market.only subscribers can see the full article

Europe 2020. Policies against Poverty and Exclusion in the European Strategy for the Next Decade

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The European Union’s new strategy, Europe 2020, offers an integrated and innovative response to the economic and social challenges that the economic crisis has highlighted or worsened. Proposed and adopted during the European Year for Combating Poverty and Social Exclusion, Europe 2020 places the reduction of poverty and exclusion as one of the Union’s priorities and defines a quantitative aim to be reached before the end of the decade. To support this commitment and make it credible, the European Commission has proposed a flagship initiative, the European Platform to Combat Poverty and Social Exclusion, one of whose tasks will be to appeal to social innovation to find adequate responses to social risks old and new. only subscribers can see the full article

The return of poverty: old problems, new challenges

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in the issue
The Italian case
Will poverty return with the present crisis or is it already part of the current situation in Italy? After considering Italy’s position in the world from the point of view of income inequality, this article dwells on some peculiarities of the «Italian poverty model». The main characteristics of the model are the gap between regions of the North and South and the family’s role in the processes of economic hardship. The future scenario of poverty must develop from these elements, which are worsened the lack of any non-discretionary and non-contributory universalistic measures of income support.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Italy :: poverty ::

The Working Poor. A Review of Sociological Studies

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in the issue
Working poor
The article offers to describe the main lines of the question of the working poor, dealing with some interpretations, identifying different perspectives and drawing attention to some important elements of analysis chosen from the literature on the subject. The research examined shows the complexity and multidimensional nature of the phenomenon. It is the co-presence of several risk factors, at micro and macro level, that generates working poverty both directly and indirectly. Finally, the article argues for the social significance and great relevance of the subject and suggests it be made a specific object of empirical research.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: labour market :: poverty :: vulnerability ::

Poverty as an Adaptable Concept and Policy Informer

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Each year the Commission on social exclusion presents a «Poverty Report» which illustrates, through a series of indicators and analyses, the main features of poverty in Italy and the policies which have been implemented to contrast it in the previous year. Most of the data presented initially seem to be easily interpreted but it is not always the case: in the construction of some indicators, there may be some hidden conceptual traps which can be misleading and offer a distorted vision of the reality. Without a «preventative» clarification of what is really meant by poverty, you run the risk of misinterpreting the real condition of poor families and the most appropriate policy measures needed to improve their standard of living. It is thus necessary to clear up any possible confusions to prevent any policy mystification from causing policy errors.only subscribers can see the full article

Immigrant Workers in Turin: Factors of Vulnerability and Processes of Impoverishment

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The article presents the main results of some exploratory research in Turin on immigrant workers and the risks of poverty that they run. It analyses the impact of the economic situation on the living and working conditions of foreigners, showing how in Turin the present economic crisis is compromising the process of social integration in the last decade of many foreigners who had long been in Italy, and were being joined by their families, buying a house, and seeking to set up a stable life. The picture that emerges has many critical points: work conditions have worsened, many jobs have been lost, with people falling back on the black economy, encountering serious difficulties in finding work, and job protection being reduced.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: poverty :: immigration :: vulnerability ::

Poverty and social demand for a home: the new housing question and policy categories

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
The Italian case
The return of the housing question to the political agenda in Italy has a number of uncertainties: the conceptual and operational patterns for innovation risk blocking the necessary change of direction for dealing with the full gravity of the new forms of housing poverty and homelessness. To a large extent the problems derive from underestimating the weight of the processes of growth of social vulnerability. The article develops the idea that the combination of these processes and the dynamics of housing poverty must be the basis for policy innovation. only subscribers can see the full article