login_rps_multi_inglese

Username:

Password:

Retrieve lost password

Username:

Password:

Hai perso la password?

eventi_rps_multi_inglese

Rps 3/4 2016

È disponibile online il numero doppio 3-4/2016 di Rps. Il fascicolo dedica la sezione monografica al Tema delle disuguaglianze economiche oggi in Italia.

[...]
vai all'archivio degli eventisee all the happenings
firefox
Valid XHTML 1.0 Strict

social policies

The Social Investment Approach in Welfare Policies: An Opportunity for Innovation?

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Territorial Welfare
The article describes the social investment approach applied to social policies placing it in the wider ongoing debate about welfare states transformations. The emergence of this new paradigm in the «market of ideas» is outlined as well as its contents and the criticisms that it received in the last years. Some policy fields are review through this conceptual lens and discussed as empirical field of its rationale and application. The article poses some questions related to the usefulness of the social investment approach in a crisis time and it explores to what extent it can be followed to innovate Italian welfare policies.only subscribers can see the full article

Family as a Central Issue in Social Research and Political Debate

Articolo scritto da:

The issue of the family has taken on a new dimension in the political debate and in sociological research, given the impact its changing settings have produced on the welfare system and on its redefinition, as well as on labour market conditions. The article analyses the motiva-tions underlying this particular focus from the perspective of the social change involving relations within the family, those between family and labour market and lastly between family and welfare settings. The author assumes a critical sociological standpoint to avoid the risks of redundancy that the sociological analysis is exposed to when guided by policy requirements providing exclusively descriptive and exces-sively simplistic perspectives. However, it is now important to ask new questions and develop new theoretical and methodological approaches.only subscribers can see the full article

The Democratic Legitimacy of Taxation

Articolo scritto da:

Through taxation modern states have funded the two basic functions which have characterised the history of democracies in the 20th century: the provision of services and income redistribution through the principal of progressivity. The current anti-tax extremism propagated by the right worldwide has a political rather than an economic objective: to reduce fiscal revenue and as a result also public services. In this way citizens disaffection for the state increases and the sense of collective responsibility decreases. Therefore, the funding of the welfare state cannot be discussed without bringing the matter of the democratic legitimacy of taxation to the forefront of the political debate. In fact, the reformatory forces have often used the same petty terms of the conservatives. Distinctions between the right and left have disappeared with one single slogan on the lips of all politicians: less taxes at all costs. However, it is necessary to restore the centrality of the state’s role, crucial in a market economy, in the use of taxation as one of the tools for the funding of public services and functions, applying notions of distributive equity and socio-economic justice.only subscribers can see the full article

Southern Europe in the Mirror of European Traditional Immigration Countries

Articolo scritto da:

Europe has experienced the intensification of immigrant flow since the mid-1990s and related to this process a new European policy has been built up at Eu level. In spite of this general trend, the intensity of migration flows, the types of migration, the migrant’s performance in the labour market, the policies oriented towards migrants’ social integration, meaningfully vary between European countries, according to the different conditions in each case, shaped by the various welfare state models, by previous migration policies and also by the structure and dynamics of the labour markets. More debate is needed about how to match these divergent trends with a homogeneous official discourse and policy on immigration at European level. At the same time, the impact that migration has on the welfare states is also different. only subscribers can see the full article

Twenty Words on the Concept of European Social Model

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
The pension system reform in the various European countries has been at the forefront of the political and scientific debate for years. The necessity to face the new social-economic context has led to the introduction of new measures for the reorganisation of institutions. To promote widespread discussion on legislative innovations already introduced and on prospects for further commitment for the modernisation of pension systems, the seminar held in Brussels on 23-24 June 2005, entitled «Pension Policies and European Social Model» organised by Inca, Cgil and Ferpa (European Federation for the Elderly and Pensioners) with the collaboration of the Observatoire Social Européen, stimulated a debate between experts and social partners. Two papers presented at the seminar are published here. The first by David Natali deals specifically with these themes and took inspiration from the recent Green Paper on demographic changes published by the European Commission; the second paper reflects on the seminar proceedings. only subscribers can see the full article

Reforming Pensions: Myths, Truth, and Policy Choices

Articolo scritto da:

This paper discusses the building of pension reform in the light of economic theory, and their application to different types of economy. The opening section sets out the simple economics of pensions. The second section discussed a series of myths which have proved remarkably persistent. Building on this analysis, the latter part of the paper sets out the foundations of effective pensions policy. The third section discusses the prerequisites which any pension reform must respect, i.e. those things which policy advisers can - and should - assert authoritatively. The fourth turns to the range of choices facing policymakers, drawing of the very different arrangements in different countries. The main conclusions are threefold: (1) The key variable is effective government. (2) From an economic perspective, the difference between pay-as-you-go and funding is second order. (3) The range of potential choice over pension design is wide. One size does not fit all. only subscribers can see the full article

The Costs of the Failure to Integrate Social and Health Care

Articolo scritto da:

That health service costs tend to increase staggeringly is well known. The most recent forecast of PricewaterhouseCoopers Health Research Institute estimates a tripling of its impact on Gdp in the next fifteen years, reaching 21% in the USA and an average of 16% in other OECD countries. Italy’s relatively favourable position at 8.5% will tend to be eroded, if for no other reason than the worldwide tendency of health service consumption, supply systems and costs to converge. only subscribers can see the full article

Social Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa: a Glance in the Rear View Mirror

Articolo scritto da:

This paper takes a retrospective view of social policy in post-colonial sub-Saharan Africa. In doing so it seeks to account for two distinct phases in the nature of social policy and its linkages to wider economic and political objectives in the region. We argue that in social policy in the nationalist phase (1960-1980) played an ex-ante transformative role: in this period investment in education and healthcare is the key mechanism of social policy. The weaknesses of this phase were growing authoritarianism and failure to structurally and dynamically transform the economies. The implications of the retrenchment of the public realm under the neoliberal policy regime were not only in its disastrous social consequences of entitlement failure but extend to the crisis of citizenship and statehood in the region. only subscribers can see the full article

Children in the Welfare State. An Approach to Social Investment

Articolo scritto da:

The paper states the necessity for substantial investment in policies to support childhood. Children, considered both in quantitative and qualitative terms, are identified as the focus for the definition of the new welfare balance. First of all, the article considers the reasons that influence the reproductive choices of women and the reasons behind the low fertility rate, analyzing the negative effects on growth and development resulting from present circumstances. In the light of the importance of human capital as a strategic factor of economic growth, the author supports the necessity to invest in a mix of policies which, on the one hand, allows people, especially women, to satisfy their reproductive desires without them becoming an obstacle to participation in the labor market; on the other hand, it aims to support the growth and development of children by overcoming the social and cultural inequalities inherited from their parents, allowing them to acquire skills that can be put to use in the labor market when they are adults.only subscribers can see the full article

The Role of Irap in the Italian Fiscal System

Articolo scritto da:

The paper examines the role of Irap in the Italian taxation system. In particular it analyses the role of this regional tax in the 1997-98 fiscal reform in the light of the objectives to simplify and streamline the system, increase neutrality, reinforce the financial autonomy of the regions and reform their funding. Successive developments are also looked into, especially the greater autonomy of the regions. The matter of the announced abolishment of Irap is discussed considering the problems faced by the regions in terms of financial autonomy and coverage.only subscribers can see the full article