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RPS 1 2017

Sono online i free text relativi al Tema del n. 1/2017: Servizio Sociale e welfare.

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social policies

The importance of Political Cultures for the Future of «Social Europe»

Articolo scritto da:

It is possible to draw important lessons from the last 15 years that saw the attempt to build a significant layer of «Social Europe», from the first initiatives in the very early 1990s. The near collapse of this dynamics was triggered by the double rejection of the project for a constitutional treaty in the Netherlands and France. But this failed attempt at adopting a constitution has much deeper cultural and political roots. In the absence of the «social» dynamics, the substance of the discourse of coordination at Eu level has quickly reversed back to good and solid mainstream «economicism» while perfunctory service was paid to the necessity of «better communication». The fundamental conditions that brought the refusal from voters in France and the Netherlands can be seen as «cultural». This opens up a research programme where the status of a «missing variable», culture, could be considered anew, with its role enhanced in comparative welfare state literature. only subscribers can see the full article

Process-Produced Data. An Abandoned Data «Mine» Source

Articolo scritto da:

This contribution deals with the importance of process-produced data in government information systems (particularly at regional level), or of the usefulness of linking synergically the information gaps for social planning with the information gaps for bureaucratic purposes. There are two basic criteria behind this method: information-gathering techniques used for censuses and the choice of the organizational unit of service providers (and not the individual user) as the basic unit of observation. The essay also considers the strategic choice of the unit of service provision and unit of elementary observation in activating reliable information flows and the correct placing and evaluating of information tools and data bases on the individual user for case management. The development of social information systems based on information taken from process-produced data also fills in many of the information gaps, that can also be defined at differentiated territorial levels, including central national level, with an undoubted advantage for the trans-regional comparability of data, as well as for reconstructing otherwise incomparable data on a national scale. only subscribers can see the full article

Eu: a Focus on Social and Employment Policies

Articolo scritto da:

The article outlines the history of social Europe and describes the present situation, focusing on the implications of the European Council of Lisbon in March 2000 when Heads of State and governments decided to set a new ambitious objective for the EU: to become the most competitive knowledge economy in the world, based on full quality employment with an increased social cohesion. The common strategy for occupation, the new social agenda and the efforts for greater co-operation on inclusion and social protection are examined in detail. The article also takes a look at the future scenario, examining the results of the Convention from a social perspective and drawing some conclusions on the prospects of the intergovernmental conference.only subscribers can see the full article

Social Policies: Governing through Fragments?

Articolo scritto da:

I’d like to continue in the same direction as the other papers, analysing what we are trying to define as a welfare system. It’s a very particular system, incomplete, and which at the moment can at least be rebuilt theoretically. In fact, in considering social and health policies, we come up against the difficulty of having fragments rather than a real system: something that actually is more like a nebula, an archipelago or a system of archipelagos. Much has been written on whether social policies make up a system or not, and there are in-depth analyses and case histories; despite the lack of useful information, particularly as regards databases, for making decisions and evaluating results, there is an overall survey of these policies in the literature. The thoughts advanced in this debate too suggest that we actually know quite a lot about this «system».only subscribers can see the full article

Revisiting Welfare Developmentalism: Economic Reforms and Trajectories of Social Policy in East Asia

Articolo scritto da:

Prior to the crisis of the late 1990s, East Asia’s welfare states were premised on two sets of ideas: «welfare developmentalism» according to which social policy is viewed principally as an instrument for economic growth, and Confucian familism, which saw the family as the main site of welfare provision. The weaknesses of this approach were painfully exposed during the economic crisis of the late 1990s. In response, many East Asian countries have strengthened and expanded their welfare provisions. This paper explores the contrasting trajectories of welfare development across E. Asia, highlighting ways in which both the economic reform context and the political dynamics of reform are shaping welfare state outcomes. only subscribers can see the full article

Social services and child protection. Lines of change and open questions

Articolo scritto da:

Child protection is frequently seen as an essential part of the social worker’s duties, but studies exploring the characteristics and ambivalence of this role are rare. Child protection is linked to two major policy areas: social welfare and the regulations governing family relations. Both areas are affected by deep and radical changes, and the social services are placed right at their point of intersection. Social workers play an important role in structuring the relationship between families and the state, influencing the orientation of child protection services. The present debate tends to contrast child protection with a family-oriented approach: referring to national and international studies, the article offers a contribution to the debate in terms of the risks and potentialities of social work.only subscribers can see the full article

Critical Aspect and Exemplifications of the Strong Family Model

Articolo scritto da:

The Mediterranean model of family consists basically of a few rules: the moral engagement to support with one’s own means the frail members of the family and the golden rule of reciprocity between parents and children. This powerful clearing house between resources and frailties of children and parents is a precious tool to explain the peculiarities of both the current demographic behaviour and the welfare system in the South of Europe. The author explores the current changes in the intergenerational pact and claims for a frame of well tuned social policies, capable of transforming present resource restrictions and rekindling the inert aspirations of the younger generations.only subscribers can see the full article

«Social Spending»

Articolo scritto da:

Spending on social protection constitutes a large part - between a fifth and a third - of total resources produced by advanced economies. The Social State is however a recent institution which mainly developed in the post war years. Today however many believe it to be in crisis. After a brief outline of the historical development of the Welfare State, this paper will go on to analyse the present extension and distribution of social spending in Italy and in the rest of the Eu. Lastly it will highlight future prospects and challenges in the light of the modified economic context with particular reference to the rise in integration between countries, to the slowdown in economic growth in Europe and the spreading of new technologies. Consolidated knowledge as well as clichés devoid of any empirical foundation will be illustrated. only subscribers can see the full article

Redesigning Citizenship Regimes after Neoliberalism. Moving towards Social Investment

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This article documents the ways in which a concept which had characterised the high neo-liberal period of the World Bank - social investment - and which plays on the discourse of capitalism, was reworked in the mid-1990s to become, among other things, a set of policies and programmes focused on fighting poverty and improving income security in Europe and Latin America. It documents in particular the adjustments on three dimensions of the citizenship regimes in these two regions. This comparison is based on the observation that, while often having quite different political histories, the Americas and Europe nonetheless share some important similarities in social citizenship practices. Currently, some countries in Latin America have on-going experiments with social citizenship that are not that different several European countries’ choices about how to design a citizenship regime for after neoliberalism. only subscribers can see the full article

The Territorial Dimension in Welfare Policies in Europe: Some Reflections on the Processes of Rescaling and Governance

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Europe and Regions
This article examines the changes in the welfare systems of eight European countries, considering the (implicit and explicit) processes of the territorial reorganisation of welfare policies as a valuable observation point. These processes have involved new territorial configurations and public and private agents in organising and financing various welfare policies. The vertical and horizontal analysis of these changes brings out a notable interaction between these two dimensions that leads to coherent, but specific, outcomes. Indeed, the convergence of trends of rescaling and governance leads to outcomes linked to the characteristics of the national and local welfare models that adapt changes to local conditions.only subscribers can see the full article