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Rps 2 2017

È disponibile online il numero 2/2017 di Rps. Il fascicolo dedica la sezione monografica al welfare occupazionale. Nella sezione Attualità si discute di diseguaglianze di salute.

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trade union

Unions and Change Process. Interviews with Trade Unions Leaders

Articolo scritto da:

The following pages contain a series of structured interviews carried out in September and October 2008 and give an important picture of the current situation of the Italian unions. The interviewees are Susanna Camusso, Confederal Secretary Cgil, Dept of Productive Sector Sector Policies; Carla Cantone, General Secretary of Spi-Cgil; Franco Martini, General Secretary of Filcams-Cgil; Morena Piccinini, Confederal Secretary Cgil, Dept of Welfare and New Rights; Giorgio Santini, Confederal Secretary Cisl, Dept of Labour, Training and Development in Southern Italy; and Claudio Treves, co-ordinator of the Dept of Labour Policies in the Cgil. The interviews are organised in two parts: the first, common to all the interviews, consists of two general questions on the subject of representation and the efforts and real capacity of the unions to see and interpret the post-Fordist socio-economic changes in the perspective of building up a welfare system; the second has three different questions for each interviewee on more specific matters and union dynamics connected with bargaining and the new role of local bargaining, the identity of the unions and their specific role in European policies. only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: social protection :: trade union :: Italy ::

Re-assessing Filcams' Working Time Bargaining Model

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
The article gives an historical overview of Filcams bargaining intervention on working time from the 70s to today’s challenges. In all the various phases, the sector’s structural and organisational situation and the aspirations of the workers (in prevalence female) have played a crucial part in the proceedings. The «negotiated» flexibility on working time, its distribution over the week, month and year becomes the main instrument to respond to various requirements and to contrast through negotiation the use of work precariousness. In this perspective the experimentation of working time self-management is a coherent evolution and represents a new frontier.only subscribers can see the full article

Welfare According to Bruno Trentin

Articolo scritto da:

Bruno Trentin’s text, discovered and introduced by Michele Magno and reprinted in Rps exemplifies the reform proposals of the welfare state he advanced as head of the Planning Department of the Cgil and discussed at its national conference in 1995. The introduction recalls the wider cultural context and the values present in Trentin’s thought. The central idea is that of a welfare society, in which a logic of compensation is replaced with a logic of citizens’ rights. In particular, it examines the crisis of the insurance principle, which requires the transparent involvement of general taxation in financing social security. Its values of solidarity should be founded not only on income distribution, but above all on the offer of real goods and services to people. There is also an explicit appeal to the unions to think of welfare reform systematically, and not identify it almost exclusively with the question of pensions.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: trade union :: Trentin :: social rights ::

Betty Leone

Articolo scritto da:

I welcome the decision to devote a session of the seminar on health and welfare policies to issues related to a proper definition of informative system aimed to transferring knowledge among health workers, and from them to the general public, and vice versa. The debate is not new. On the contrary, it characterized the ’70’s and ’80’s in the period of health service reform and it was later taken up again during the discussions that led to the law (no. 328/2000) on welfare reform. Indeed, it is clear that this subject meets various needs. The first is that of identifying the needs to which we are to respond: this is an essential function if the services are not to fall into a merely self-referential logic rather than responding to the need to meet the general public’s requirements effectively. only subscribers can see the full article

Trade Union and Welfare State: Initiatives at a Local Level

Articolo scritto da:

In Italy one may detect quite a long, although largely unknown, history of diffused relationships between trade unions and local-level governments and institutions, which over time resulted in practices of union involvement in and contribution to the design and implementation of labor and social policies at the periphery of the Ir system. This phenomenon is largely dependent on the characteristics and limits of the Italian welfare system as a whole. The article discusses the phases and logics of this concealed history, focusing on their main features and outcomes. Two main phases and two main logics of action are pointed out. While in a first period - during the 1970s and 1980s - the initiative of the unions in the field of labor and social policies at the territorial level was essentially contingent and reactive in character, aimed at seizing opportunities and/or coping with emergencies, subsequently - during the last two decades - such initiative turned out to be more intentional and strategic in orientation, entering into the redefinition of the unions’ representative strategy targeted to specific groups of workers and citizens. only subscribers can see the full article

From Working Time Flexibility to Numerical Flexibility. Considerations on Government Action and Union Intervention

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
The article examines the results of the application of law 30/03 in the light of trends in subsequent collective bargaining and the results of decisions made by the Cgil on the matter. Remarks are given on some inquiries conducted by Istat and other institutes on the influence of measures introduced by law 30 on the Italian labour market. The results obtained highlight that bargaining has mostly complied with the indications set by Cgil and that hints at a general weakening of Italian occupation are becoming visible, due mainly to the increasing rate of forward contracts, especially in the case of female occupation. It is thus necessary to radically modify current legislation.only subscribers can see the full article

Europe. Work-life Balance in the Consultation Process of the European Social Partners

Articolo scritto da:

The article examines how the need to successfully reconcile paid work, family responsibilities and private life, an idea summed up in the term «work-life balance», is now part of the political and union debate and has become one of the aims of the European social agenda. The analysis concentrates mainly on the European unions and seeks to bring out the distance between the fine words of community law and the actual state of things. It examines in particular the first two stages of the consultation process of the European social partners, launched by the Commission in 2006 and still developing at the time of writing. The article concludes with a comparison between the polices passed in the countries of northern and southern Europe.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Europe :: trade union :: reconciliation ::

Sandro Del Fattore

Articolo scritto da:

I want first of all to consider a question: what made Cgil decide to take up the subject of integrated policies? We came to that point trying above all to understand what were the most critical features of the traditional welfare system compared with present innovations in this economic and social context. We set off in this direction because we were convinced that welfare is best defended if its critical features are rationally identified and new proposals put forward. Let us analyse some of its characteristics. First, we all know about the extraordinary changes in technology and production that have revolutionised the modern world, starting from the field of computers and communications. We also know about the potential of technology to provide greater autonomy, planning capacity for the workers themselves, and opportunities for a qualified job or a job that is deliberately chosen.only subscribers can see the full article

The Unions' Public-Interest Role

Articolo scritto da:

The unions originated and developed as organisations in defence of professional interests, but in some countries this basic aim has been supplemented by another pursuing general interests. In some countries the unions’ activities on behalf of the whole community are officially recognised, while in others the unions themselves began to perform them spontaneously. Widespread throughout Europe, the phenomenon has always been particularly marked in Italy. The essay examines the public-spiritedness of the Italian unions, its origins and development, the main areas in which it is expressed, and the advantages and disadvantages of this way of pursuing public interests. The conclusion aims to bring out the benefits that would derive from a fuller implementation of the principles of the constitution.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: trade union :: Italy :: public interest ::

Germany. Ig Metall and the Arduous Search for a Balance between Salaries and Working Time

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
The article analyses developments in German union policy in the metal sector in the light of economic and contextual changes which characterised the 90s and the effects produced on industrial relations. The consequences of the partial loss of union power have become evident with the rise in derogations on the collective agreements and in the impossibility of their «automatic» application in the enterprises. The most recent example of this deterioration is represented by the signing of the collective contract called «Pforzheim» in 2004, made possible by the considerable pressure posed by the possibility to export production sites thereby saddling with productivity and competitively costs , not only in terms of wages but also working times.only subscribers can see the full article