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Rps 3/4 2016

È disponibile online il numero doppio 3-4/2016 di Rps. Il fascicolo dedica la sezione monografica al Tema delle disuguaglianze economiche oggi in Italia.

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trade union

Betty Leone

Articolo scritto da:

I welcome the decision to devote a session of the seminar on health and welfare policies to issues related to a proper definition of informative system aimed to transferring knowledge among health workers, and from them to the general public, and vice versa. The debate is not new. On the contrary, it characterized the ’70’s and ’80’s in the period of health service reform and it was later taken up again during the discussions that led to the law (no. 328/2000) on welfare reform. Indeed, it is clear that this subject meets various needs. The first is that of identifying the needs to which we are to respond: this is an essential function if the services are not to fall into a merely self-referential logic rather than responding to the need to meet the general public’s requirements effectively. only subscribers can see the full article

Trade Union and Welfare State: Initiatives at a Local Level

Articolo scritto da:

In Italy one may detect quite a long, although largely unknown, history of diffused relationships between trade unions and local-level governments and institutions, which over time resulted in practices of union involvement in and contribution to the design and implementation of labor and social policies at the periphery of the Ir system. This phenomenon is largely dependent on the characteristics and limits of the Italian welfare system as a whole. The article discusses the phases and logics of this concealed history, focusing on their main features and outcomes. Two main phases and two main logics of action are pointed out. While in a first period - during the 1970s and 1980s - the initiative of the unions in the field of labor and social policies at the territorial level was essentially contingent and reactive in character, aimed at seizing opportunities and/or coping with emergencies, subsequently - during the last two decades - such initiative turned out to be more intentional and strategic in orientation, entering into the redefinition of the unions’ representative strategy targeted to specific groups of workers and citizens. only subscribers can see the full article

From Working Time Flexibility to Numerical Flexibility. Considerations on Government Action and Union Intervention

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in the issue
Times and Hours
The article examines the results of the application of law 30/03 in the light of trends in subsequent collective bargaining and the results of decisions made by the Cgil on the matter. Remarks are given on some inquiries conducted by Istat and other institutes on the influence of measures introduced by law 30 on the Italian labour market. The results obtained highlight that bargaining has mostly complied with the indications set by Cgil and that hints at a general weakening of Italian occupation are becoming visible, due mainly to the increasing rate of forward contracts, especially in the case of female occupation. It is thus necessary to radically modify current legislation.only subscribers can see the full article

Europe. Work-life Balance in the Consultation Process of the European Social Partners

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The article examines how the need to successfully reconcile paid work, family responsibilities and private life, an idea summed up in the term «work-life balance», is now part of the political and union debate and has become one of the aims of the European social agenda. The analysis concentrates mainly on the European unions and seeks to bring out the distance between the fine words of community law and the actual state of things. It examines in particular the first two stages of the consultation process of the European social partners, launched by the Commission in 2006 and still developing at the time of writing. The article concludes with a comparison between the polices passed in the countries of northern and southern Europe.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Europe :: trade union :: reconciliation ::

Sandro Del Fattore

Articolo scritto da:

I want first of all to consider a question: what made Cgil decide to take up the subject of integrated policies? We came to that point trying above all to understand what were the most critical features of the traditional welfare system compared with present innovations in this economic and social context. We set off in this direction because we were convinced that welfare is best defended if its critical features are rationally identified and new proposals put forward. Let us analyse some of its characteristics. First, we all know about the extraordinary changes in technology and production that have revolutionised the modern world, starting from the field of computers and communications. We also know about the potential of technology to provide greater autonomy, planning capacity for the workers themselves, and opportunities for a qualified job or a job that is deliberately chosen.only subscribers can see the full article

The Unions' Public-Interest Role

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The unions originated and developed as organisations in defence of professional interests, but in some countries this basic aim has been supplemented by another pursuing general interests. In some countries the unions’ activities on behalf of the whole community are officially recognised, while in others the unions themselves began to perform them spontaneously. Widespread throughout Europe, the phenomenon has always been particularly marked in Italy. The essay examines the public-spiritedness of the Italian unions, its origins and development, the main areas in which it is expressed, and the advantages and disadvantages of this way of pursuing public interests. The conclusion aims to bring out the benefits that would derive from a fuller implementation of the principles of the constitution.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: trade union :: Italy :: public interest ::

Germany. Ig Metall and the Arduous Search for a Balance between Salaries and Working Time

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in the issue
Times and Hours
The article analyses developments in German union policy in the metal sector in the light of economic and contextual changes which characterised the 90s and the effects produced on industrial relations. The consequences of the partial loss of union power have become evident with the rise in derogations on the collective agreements and in the impossibility of their «automatic» application in the enterprises. The most recent example of this deterioration is represented by the signing of the collective contract called «Pforzheim» in 2004, made possible by the considerable pressure posed by the possibility to export production sites thereby saddling with productivity and competitively costs , not only in terms of wages but also working times.only subscribers can see the full article

Paolo Ferrero

Articolo scritto da:

First of all I’d like to thank you for your invitation to contribute to this Forum. Various problems seem to have emerged, and I’d like to try and talk about them. Apart from some criticisms relating to questions of organisation, I particularly want to draw attention to a specific problem, that of the essential levels of care, with special reference to the question of non-self-sufficiency. I want to talk about it in cultural as well as political terms, though in this latter sense our policy on this should start to be implemented in the next few months. I start from one element for evaluating the present situation. It seems to me obvious that — and here I agree with the judgments given — the social sector is much less protected in the constitution than the health sector. Traditionally there has always been a strong difference in the level of services in our country.only subscribers can see the full article

Reasons to Propose a Law on Non Self-Sufficiency

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The pensioners’ unions Spi-Cgil, Fnp-Cisl and Uilp-Uil have decided to promote an act on non self-sufficiency. The reasons for this choice stem from the need to prevent, contrast and accompany this phenomenon which is on the rise, involving more than 2,800,000 Italian citizens and their families. The national government has not yet provided a suitable, effective response to requirements stemming from the «risk» of non self-sufficiency, leaving the system of local autonomies and individuals to cover the expenses resulting from the phenomenon. The matter has enormous impact. The act proposes a project to deal with the phenomenon starting from everyday life scenarios; prospecting a definition of non self-sufficiency and assessment modalities, indicating essential rights and guaranteeing their homogeneous application throughout the country; proposing an individualised plan, integrated services and a system to make care workers providing services to the non self-sufficient responsible. The national in-tervention plan proposed is supported by a national fund for non self-sufficiency financed through general taxation and capable of giving a concrete response to social essential levels.only subscribers can see the full article

Unions (and) Welfare in a Historical Perspective

Articolo scritto da:

The article deals with the relation between union action and the development of welfare, from the first forms of union health assistance down to the more recent changes that are affecting labour regulations. The first part reviews some of the main national experiences that accompanied the development of health assistance along with the first programmes for social protection on the cusp of the XIX and XX centuries. This means examining the expansionist period of Fordist welfare, concentrating on the forms of union involvement in the functioning of the national welfare states. The analysis continues, looking at the changes that marked the crisis of Fordist welfare and the reform processes connected with the new paradigm of active welfare. In particular, it considers the changes that concern union action in the new framework of activation processes, with reference to the practices and forms of involvement - Ghent system/bilateralism - that seem most responsive to the need to reinforce the active intervention of the unions in the labour market.only subscribers can see the full article