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welfare

The Repression of Citizenship. The Future of the Social Model in the White Paper

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Women and Welfare
The White Paper on the future of the social model «The good life in an active society», presented as a natural sequel to the Green Paper by the Minister of Labour on 6 May 2009, has been widely criticized for the vagueness of its positions and for the gap between good intentions and actual lines of action. The article claims that the questions raised by the document do not concern only vagueness or abstractness, but that some of the proposals are dangerous and fallacious, and some of the statements made ambiguous. only subscribers can see the full article

The Social Protection of Labour in the Rhetoric and Practice of Industrial Relations

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Company welfare
The relationship between the introduction and provision of social protection – or welfare – and the dynamics of industrial relations is quite intricate. The article offers a preliminary investigation of the different ways in which at different levels issues related to welfare programmes entered the rhetoric and practice of industrial relations. The passage from a phase of «competence specialization» and a phase of rupture and crisis of the previous equilibrium is discussed. In the former, a clear division of competences between the domain of the state – responsible for welfare provision – and of the social partners – responsible for the negotiation of labour terms and conditions – predominated in the strategies and practices of industrial relations. In the latter, the system of competences and tasks assigned the different actors started to become uncertain and was somewhat reshuffled, while welfare related issues invaded and permeated the public discourse of industrial relations.only subscribers can see the full article

Reforming Pensions: Myths, Truth, and Policy Choices

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This paper discusses the building of pension reform in the light of economic theory, and their application to different types of economy. The opening section sets out the simple economics of pensions. The second section discussed a series of myths which have proved remarkably persistent. Building on this analysis, the latter part of the paper sets out the foundations of effective pensions policy. The third section discusses the prerequisites which any pension reform must respect, i.e. those things which policy advisers can - and should - assert authoritatively. The fourth turns to the range of choices facing policymakers, drawing of the very different arrangements in different countries. The main conclusions are threefold: (1) The key variable is effective government. (2) From an economic perspective, the difference between pay-as-you-go and funding is second order. (3) The range of potential choice over pension design is wide. One size does not fit all. only subscribers can see the full article

Revisiting Welfare Developmentalism: Economic Reforms and Trajectories of Social Policy in East Asia

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Prior to the crisis of the late 1990s, East Asia’s welfare states were premised on two sets of ideas: «welfare developmentalism» according to which social policy is viewed principally as an instrument for economic growth, and Confucian familism, which saw the family as the main site of welfare provision. The weaknesses of this approach were painfully exposed during the economic crisis of the late 1990s. In response, many East Asian countries have strengthened and expanded their welfare provisions. This paper explores the contrasting trajectories of welfare development across E. Asia, highlighting ways in which both the economic reform context and the political dynamics of reform are shaping welfare state outcomes. only subscribers can see the full article

«Privatization»

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The article presents and discusses three senses of the term «privatization» with reference to the welfare system: one regarding finance mechanisms, one the role of intermediate bodies, and one the supply of services. The first option – more or less extensive replacement of the present national insurance systems with private insurance – actually worsens the macroeconomic sustainability of expenditure and has negative implications for the aims of welfare. The second sense – a Big society based on transferring from the state to intermediate bodies responsibility for certain measures of social policy – foreshadows a pre-modern idea of citizenship, broken up by group or category membership. The article concludes by placing the third sense in the framework of public control of the system that exploits the role of the market and private initiative in the supply of services, to improve efficiency and satisfy needs.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: welfare :: citizenship :: market ::

Economic Policy and Welfare Choices: Cgil's Perspective

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In the next few months important decisions will be taken on economic policies: the budget adjustment manoeuvre due to exceeding the 3% threshold, the introduction of Dpef and the announced tax reduction. Although the government will try to hide the social cost of its choices, it is evident that some social classes will have to bear the brunt of these cuts. At the same time, there are no signs of economic recovery, the development rate for 2004 is just a little over zero, the inflation rate in Italy is higher than the European average, the crisis in production is getting worse and poverty is increasing. The situation isn’t only negative it is catastrophic. The union, reiterating its idea for a universalistic qualitative welfare state, is preparing to oppose hardly to government policies.only subscribers can see the full article

A Long Good Bye to Bismarck? The Politics of Welfare Reforms in Continental Europe

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This paper analyses the reform trajectories that are specific to continental European welfare systems, going beyond the idea that this third world of welfare capitalism is frozen. Comparing the reform trajectories in the different countries and sectors, shows that one can identify four successive sequences of reforms over the last 25 years (from reforms aimed at protecting the insured male worker to reforms aimed at re-structuring benefits, financing and governance arrangements). The paper shows that the trajectory followed by these systems has been highly determined by the typical Bismarckian welfare institutions, but also reversed by a learning process. The paper concludes that the consequences of these changes are increasing the insider/outsider cleavage. only subscribers can see the full article

Social risk protection in collective agreements: Evidence from the Netherlands

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in the issue
Company welfare
To what extent can collective bargaining compensate for a decline in or absence of welfare state protection against social risks? In this article, we use a comprehensive collective agreement database to analyse social risk coverage in the Netherlands from 1995 to 2009. We compare two forms of social risk, disability and work–life arrangements, analysing the share of collective agreements that offer these arrangements across time. Our results show that collective bargaining differs across the public and private sector but is similar at different levels of bargaining. In general, our findings demonstrate that collective agreements often compensate for declining welfare state coverage or a lack of state provision. As a result, the findings presented here suggest occupational welfare, in the form of collective bargaining, is an important component of welfare provision that is oftentimes overlooked in the current welfare state literature.only subscribers can see the full article

Welfare added, welfare removed. The other face of migrations: the care drain in countries of origin

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The article takes an aspect of female migrant care work that is fundamental for social policies, but relatively ignored: the care drain, and, more generally, the social effects of emigration on the fabric of family and community life in the countries of origin. After discussing the main facets of the welfare-migration relation from the point of view of the society of origin, it offers some observations on the potentialities and limits of policies to combat the care drain, and on the ambivalent effects of migration on welfare, both social protection and at the same time the creation of new needs and inequalities. only subscribers can see the full article

Latin America: a New Social Agenda in the Making?

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Different processes and facts seem to indicate the emergency of new social agendas in Latin America, and more generally, new strategies of economic and social development. The trend can be identified in the growing criticism about the so-called Neoliberal paradigm, that ruled the region for the last quarter century; but also, recently, in the electoral victories of political leaders of left and centre-left, supposedly committed to different and socially more progressive alternatives of economic growth and international insertion; and, finally, in the reforms of social security and education that started in Chile in 2006. A central question is whether the model of growth that oriented the region in the recent past may be reaching its limit. only subscribers can see the full article