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welfare

Mutual Aid Societies and New Welfare

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Territorial Welfare
Mutual aid societies appeared in Europe in the late XIX and early XX centuries. They were one of the first forms of working-class solidarity – anti-elitist, free of state control and self-run – set up to deal with thecosts of disease, death and unemployment. The article takes the Italian situation as the basis for an analysis of the role that mutual aid play today in response to the welfare crisis. Many of them, in addition to the activities laid down by law (supplying additional health insurance and support for the covering of funeral expenses), are also involved in recreational and cultural activities, as well as assistance both for members and non-members. Yet, in Italy they have a limited role in additional insurance; they could develop further only if there were social innovations able to combine economic sustainability with democracy, avoid the risks of adverse selection and moral hazard, and play a role of advocacy for the younger generations.only subscribers can see the full article

Welfare added, welfare removed. The other face of migrations: the care drain in countries of origin

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The article takes an aspect of female migrant care work that is fundamental for social policies, but relatively ignored: the care drain, and, more generally, the social effects of emigration on the fabric of family and community life in the countries of origin. After discussing the main facets of the welfare-migration relation from the point of view of the society of origin, it offers some observations on the potentialities and limits of policies to combat the care drain, and on the ambivalent effects of migration on welfare, both social protection and at the same time the creation of new needs and inequalities. only subscribers can see the full article

Culture, Multiculturalism and Welfare State Citizenship

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Culture pervades the rights and expectations of citizenship. Recent decades have seen increasing cultural diversity in western nations, yet their multicultural condition has been little recognised in theories of citizenship and social policy. This paper looks at three theoretical accounts of the relation between multiculturalism and citizenship with a view to making the study of welfare state citizenship more responsive to the issues raised by cultural diversity. only subscribers can see the full article

Nordic Countries: New Right, Social Representation and Welfare

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Populisms in Europe
The «parity» between capital and labour is the basis of the European social model, particularly the Nordic one. It ensures social representation, distinction of interests regarding identity and ideology, and a process of regulation of society and the economy. As representation is less pervasive in parity, this has allowed the new right to play on questions of fear, identity and anti-politics, presenting itself a champion of these questions, which are seen in terms of ethnic identity. But despite what is proclaimed, both by the national-populists and some sterile socio-political models, it was never the (mythological) Northern uniformity that produced the regulated social model of Nordic Countries, but the exact opposite: the social model has produced identity, inclusion and regulation. Inverting cause and effect is to misunderstand the Nordic countries and their populism.only subscribers can see the full article

Poverty as an Adaptable Concept and Policy Informer

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Each year the Commission on social exclusion presents a «Poverty Report» which illustrates, through a series of indicators and analyses, the main features of poverty in Italy and the policies which have been implemented to contrast it in the previous year. Most of the data presented initially seem to be easily interpreted but it is not always the case: in the construction of some indicators, there may be some hidden conceptual traps which can be misleading and offer a distorted vision of the reality. Without a «preventative» clarification of what is really meant by poverty, you run the risk of misinterpreting the real condition of poor families and the most appropriate policy measures needed to improve their standard of living. It is thus necessary to clear up any possible confusions to prevent any policy mystification from causing policy errors.only subscribers can see the full article

A Few Worrisome Notes on the Formation of the Post-Communist Welfare State

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The paper intends to show that, as to the forging of the new welfare state, the past close to two decades of post-communist transformation has brought about Central Europe’s remarkable departure from the track of Western developments. Besides steady slowing down of economic growth since the late 1990s, a review of the key indicators of social development reveals the emergence of previously unknown fault-lines in the new social structures. it is argued that the actual reality of the post-1990 systemic transformation has brought about ever more remarkable retreats of bifurcation in provisions that have concluded, in turn, in an ever more visible disintegration in day-to-day social relations. Taking the case of Hungary, it is demonstrated that the new reforms in welfare have assisted integration into the market for the well-to-do, while the very same reforms have brought further marginalisation and social exclusion for the truly poor. only subscribers can see the full article

A change of perspective? Social policies and community social work

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The local community is often cited and celebrated as the solution to many problems in the Italian welfare system. Encouraging trust, solidarity and social cohesion involves appropriate interactions between a series of actors and innovative professional skills. After outlining the changing welfare scene, the article analyses the collective dimension of community social welfare, stressing the need to get beyond approaches to welfare and encourage «capacity building». The conclusion suggests some elements of a new paradigm.only subscribers can see the full article

Welfare and individualization. Dimensions and meanings

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The article highlights the different dimensions and meanings that the concept of individualization has assumed in the debate on the changes in welfare: from individualization as a process concerning the nature of the new social risks to individualization as a more general factor of change in contemporary societies, in the dual and ambivalent interpretations that can be derived from it – or as a gradual loss of certainties and individualistic regression, but also as the possibility of liberation for individuals who are more alone than they were in the past, but at the same with more self-determination and freer to make to choose their own destiny. This second interpretation also brings out the possibility of a new paradigm whose aim is to remove the barriers that intervene at every level of individual fulfilment, and in this perspective some social and labour policies are analysed that are connected with empowerment.only subscribers can see the full article

Meeting and Mobility. Ethnic Diversity in the Dutch Welfare State

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This article deals with the question to what extent welfare states help or hinder inter-ethnic cohesion. Derived from socio-psychological theories, two indicators are proposed: meeting and mobility. The first points towards the possibilities of real and repeated contact, while the second refers to the absence of insider/outsider boundaries. The Dutch welfare state is presented as an illustration of how to analyse social policy when looking through this lens. In both dimensions the Dutch welfare state is acting poorly. Educational policies as well as labour market policies reduce the possibilities of meeting and mobility. only subscribers can see the full article

The Repression of Citizenship. The Future of the Social Model in the White Paper

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Women and Welfare
The White Paper on the future of the social model «The good life in an active society», presented as a natural sequel to the Green Paper by the Minister of Labour on 6 May 2009, has been widely criticized for the vagueness of its positions and for the gap between good intentions and actual lines of action. The article claims that the questions raised by the document do not concern only vagueness or abstractness, but that some of the proposals are dangerous and fallacious, and some of the statements made ambiguous. only subscribers can see the full article