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RPS 1 2017

Sono online i free text relativi al Tema del n. 1/2017: Servizio Sociale e welfare.

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welfare state

Editor’s note

Articolo scritto da:

Following a still recent custom, this issue of «Rps» reprints the contributions to the journal’s second annual Forum. It is a discussion that took place in November 2006 on the subject of various aspects of the Italian health-care system, and reprinting it was a complex matter: we did not want a mechanical reproduction of the original talk, but something rethought and rewritten by the speakers as much as possible. Not the least of the complications for this edition was our desire to publish the whole material in English too, convinced as we are that reflection on the social situation in Italy has a vital need of contributions from abroad. only subscribers can see the full article

Social Needs and Strategies of Families. An Inquiry Model

Articolo scritto da:

The researches on social needs of families can be of greater use to policy makers if conducted with specific methodologies aimed at cognitive requirements of social planning for interventions and services. The article illustrates a proposal of a social survey model, already applied in various regional experiences. The peculiarity of the inquiry model is the fact that it is based on an approach on women cohorts.only subscribers can see the full article

Occupational Instability and Reproductive Choices of Young Partners

Articolo scritto da:

The paper analyses the results of a research conducted in a Naples’ district, focusing in particular on links between work flexibility, couple life and reproductive choices. An insight is given on family plans, variables of unstable work and problems faced by young couples on the matter of becoming parents, distinguishing between «partially flexible», «totally flexible» and «one-income» couples. A well-constructed framework emerges whereby couples have difficulty planning and organising the «spill over» between work and parenting and where female work flexibility seems to hinder, rather than favour, the couple’s reproductive choice.only subscribers can see the full article

Achille Passoni

Articolo scritto da:

I want first of all to dwell on some questions that were dealt with today by the Minister for Social Policy, Paolo Ferrero, which, quite honestly, I find difficult to share. First of all, the question of the Social Policy Fund. The resources to transfer to the Regions in 2007, compared with those transferred in 2006, have indeed increased — and we much appreciate this — but only to an extent equal to the cuts made by the previous government last year. That means that the Fund now stands at the same figure as in 2004. Substantially, there has been no additional investment since then down to the end of 2007. And this means that social policies and combating poverty are not seen as a priority by the new Centre-Left government. The Minister will agree with me that this is not at all good news. only subscribers can see the full article

Care for the Non-Self-Sufficient in the Context of the New Unfinished Regionalism

Articolo scritto da:

Traditionally the creation of a welfare state has tended to centralise the powers and functions of central government in contemporary legal systems, as central government is regarded as offering better guarantees of stability and universal social services than more local bodies. This «centripetal» tendency of the policies connected with the creation of the welfare state has been noticed by constitutionalists since the 1980’s, particularly as regards federal systems, where egalitarian policies aimed at redistributing wealth have often set off processes centralising powers and functions in federal authorities, because of the need to guarantee uniform welfare standards nation-wide, in the interests of substantive equality. only subscribers can see the full article

Immigration, multiculturalism and welfare state

Articolo scritto da:

It is widely believed that a viable welfare state depends on achieving and maintaining a high level of solidarity amongst citizens, and that this solidarity is eroded by increasing levels of ethnic and racial diversity due to immigration. If true, there is a trade-off between a more open and accommodating approach to immigrants, on the one hand, and the maintenance of a robust welfare state. In this paper, however, we argue that claims about an inevitable trade-off between diversity and solidarity are premature. The evidence to date, and our own research, shows that a multicultural welfare state is a viable prospect.only subscribers can see the full article

Great Britain. The Reformist Strategy in Childhood Policies

Articolo scritto da:

In 2003, with the publication of the Green Paper on childhood, under the slogan «Every Child Matters», the British government announced the reform of the social assistance for children, young people and families. The policy is still at the initial stage of , implementation so it is not yet possible to assess its effects. In any case, the analysis of discourses constructed around it allows ascertaining the type of relationship created between value systems and policy mechanisms, beliefs behind the policies and hypothesised implementation tools. The arti-cle analyses, on the basis of documents available on the net, the intentions of the policy-makers responsible for the introduction of the new UK policy on childhood, focusing mainly on the conceptual and theoretical premises.only subscribers can see the full article

Changing Family Life: Significance for State and Society

Articolo scritto da:

The intent of the article is both to elaborate the nature of family change in European societies and to interrogate contemporary policy on the family in the light of emerging changes and risks. The first part of the article undertakes an overview analysis of the main changes affecting families, looking at structure, organisation and relations. It then moves on to consider the key risks and challenges posed by recent changes for individuals, states and society. The risks discussed include the seeming lack of readiness to commit to parenthood, a polarisation between parenthood and partnership, overburdening of women and risks around care. The final section of the article turns to the state’s response, in terms of what it has been and what it might (need to) be.only subscribers can see the full article

Social Policies: Governing through Fragments?

Articolo scritto da:

I’d like to continue in the same direction as the other papers, analysing what we are trying to define as a welfare system. It’s a very particular system, incomplete, and which at the moment can at least be rebuilt theoretically. In fact, in considering social and health policies, we come up against the difficulty of having fragments rather than a real system: something that actually is more like a nebula, an archipelago or a system of archipelagos. Much has been written on whether social policies make up a system or not, and there are in-depth analyses and case histories; despite the lack of useful information, particularly as regards databases, for making decisions and evaluating results, there is an overall survey of these policies in the literature. The thoughts advanced in this debate too suggest that we actually know quite a lot about this «system».only subscribers can see the full article

The Health and Social Services Sector: a New Social Question? Values, Rights and Advantages

Articolo scritto da:

The health and social services sector is a growing border area that seems to contain both the contradictions of the health service and those of social services. Operatively, economically, institutionally, culturally and procedurally, it is witnessing a transformation/evolution/involution of constitutionally guaranteed rights, and so of the meaning of citizenship. In our view, the difficult and complex relation between the health and social sectors, in terms of definition, institutional organisation and responsibility, organisational cultures, resources invested, profit-making and non-profit-making private interests operating, trade union relations and contract systems etc., is one of the keys for interpreting the evolution of welfare in Italy, and perhaps in the whole of Europe.only subscribers can see the full article