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Giovedì, 25 Gennaio 2018 - 10:14 Sala delle Regioni, via dei Frentani 4/a, Roma

Giovedì, 25 Gennaio 2018 - 10:14 Sala delle Regioni, via dei Frentani 4/a, Roma

Se ne discute il 25 gennaio in occasione della presentazione del Volume n.

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welfare state

The Institutional Problems of Welfare: Europe and Territorialization Process

Articolo scritto da:

The welfare state is a polysemic idea and the various social sciences have given different definitions of it, each of them underlining this or that aspect, depending on the epistemological attitude of their field. In studies of the theory of the state and constitutional law, by «welfare state» we mean a liberal state that uses taxation to carry out policies that actively redistribute wealth so as to guarantee a minimum level of wellbeing to all citizens, whatever their capacity to produce income (Mortati, 1973): it is clearly a definition that corresponds to a historical-institutional perspective, which in the framework of the development of forms of the state underlines the transformation of the «neutral» liberal state, under the effect of mass parties and reforming political and union movements, into an «interventionist» state.only subscribers can see the full article

Social Europe or Free-trader Europe? The Future of European Social Model

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
The author highlights the violent reproposal of the neoliberal ideology and the continual mortification of the most important aspects of the European social model according to the deterministic logic of economic models and ineluctable natural processes. The author comes to the conclusion that the factors hypothesised in literature on the crisis in European welfare states are inapplicable; and that the restriction of the range of possible evolutionary courses for future societies does not seem to be underway. The article analyses the alternative hypotheses to the crisis theories and to the demolition of the «European social model», exploring through the «human development’ approach the possible synergies between economic development and social development, competitiveness and justice, rights and growth which can once again shape welfare as a «productive factor». only subscribers can see the full article

Family and Welfare in Spain

Articolo scritto da:

The article analyses recent developments in families and social policy-making in Spain. First, the impact that «superwomen» have had in underpinning Spanish welfare arrangements in the last decades is analysed. The latter type of mater familias, that has contributed decisively to the economic prosperity and stability of the country, is gradually vanishing. Rapid societal change has encouraged social policy-making in order to provide with new public benefits and services to support families. In subsequent sections of the article, public programmes and legislation carried out by PP (1996-2004) and Psoe (2004- ). Governments are reviewed contrasting the approaches taken by both main Spanish political parties in recent years. Concluding remarks underline the idea that what was considered to be a «women’s issue» can no longer be coped with «behind-closed-doors».only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: family policies :: welfare state :: family :: Spain ::

Children in the Welfare State. An Approach to Social Investment

Articolo scritto da:

The paper states the necessity for substantial investment in policies to support childhood. Children, considered both in quantitative and qualitative terms, are identified as the focus for the definition of the new welfare balance. First of all, the article considers the reasons that influence the reproductive choices of women and the reasons behind the low fertility rate, analyzing the negative effects on growth and development resulting from present circumstances. In the light of the importance of human capital as a strategic factor of economic growth, the author supports the necessity to invest in a mix of policies which, on the one hand, allows people, especially women, to satisfy their reproductive desires without them becoming an obstacle to participation in the labor market; on the other hand, it aims to support the growth and development of children by overcoming the social and cultural inequalities inherited from their parents, allowing them to acquire skills that can be put to use in the labor market when they are adults.only subscribers can see the full article

Apocalyptic Scenarios and Integrated Policies: Reasons and Problems of a Fund for the Non-Self-Sufficient

Articolo scritto da:

A response to the problems of the elderly who are no longer self-sufficient is today the point where we can most immediately assess our capacity to draw up innovative public policies and develop techniques and instruments for integrating the social services and the health service. The institutional, financial, organisational and professional innovations that now appear necessary for running both the health service and the social services need to offer practical solutions to the specific problem of the aging of the population, but also have a high symbolic value in relation to the role of the public sector in solving collective problems and empirically verifying the capacity of both these systems to radically renew themselves. only subscribers can see the full article

Italy. Social Information on Childhood Services

Articolo scritto da:

The article presents the main results of a study conducted by Ires on childcare targeted at under3-year-olds. After outlining information currently available on this issue, the following aspects are analysed: a) the diffusion of care services at the regional level; b) an estimate of expressed and unsatisfied demand; c) an overview of the functioning of such services with respect to family requirements. In conclusion, an analysis is conducted on the link between the difficulty in activating infant care services and the fragmentary and residual nature of local welfare systems in Italy.only subscribers can see the full article

Italy. Parenthood, Work and Reconciliation Conditions

Articolo scritto da:

The paper examines the main effects of the difficulties of reconciling life and work times in Italy. It then goes on to analyse a particular aspect of this difficulty, namely the incapacity of satisfying desired fertility plans. Analysing data from an inquiry on living conditions of families from a well off Italian province, there is empirical evidence of the positive effect of the type of work performed by the woman on the gap between children desired and effective. Some policy considerations are given in the conclusion.only subscribers can see the full article

Mimmo Lucà

Articolo scritto da:

As President of the Parliamentary Commission on Social Affairs I’d like to offer a few brief thoughts on the subjects introduced here and on which there has been a discussion, offering an institutional point of view on the path to follow. I refer in particular to the law on non-self-sufficiency, which is being discussed by the Commission I chair, and which comes from a failure in the previous Parliament. The Hon. Zanotti dealt with it in the last Parliament, and this time too, there is a risk of it finishing on the rocks of financial covering. This law is based on the setting up of the Fund for non-self-sufficiency, and it is clear that if this fund is not adequately financed with the necessary resources to guarantee an essential level of services, then the law cannot be approved.only subscribers can see the full article

Essential Levels of Welfare: Cash Benefits and Services

Articolo scritto da:

When we talk about health, social and welfare services it is useful to refer to health and wellbeing. They are two concepts that significantly overlap and mutually interfere with each other, and are difficult to separate out even in our own lives. Health influences wellbeing and vice versa, and we do not know where health ends and wellbeing begins. Legally, politically and administratively, in organising and providing services, the distinction and the separating out is a necessary phase. However, when they have been separated out, they need to be brought back together again. The first separation of the two is in the Constitution, where protecting the right to health is different, more precise and detailed, while the protection of social rights is weaker. This formulation is linked to a work logic, a logic that has been important in history, but is now reductive in terms of universalism.only subscribers can see the full article

Immigration, multiculturalism and welfare state

Articolo scritto da:

It is widely believed that a viable welfare state depends on achieving and maintaining a high level of solidarity amongst citizens, and that this solidarity is eroded by increasing levels of ethnic and racial diversity due to immigration. If true, there is a trade-off between a more open and accommodating approach to immigrants, on the one hand, and the maintenance of a robust welfare state. In this paper, however, we argue that claims about an inevitable trade-off between diversity and solidarity are premature. The evidence to date, and our own research, shows that a multicultural welfare state is a viable prospect.only subscribers can see the full article