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RPS 1 2018

Il testo è la sintesi dell’articolo pubblicato nella sezione Tema del n. 1 2018 di Rps e scaricabile dagli abbonati nella versione integrale al link:

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welfare state

Care for the Non-Self-Sufficient in the Context of the New Unfinished Regionalism

Articolo scritto da:

Traditionally the creation of a welfare state has tended to centralise the powers and functions of central government in contemporary legal systems, as central government is regarded as offering better guarantees of stability and universal social services than more local bodies. This «centripetal» tendency of the policies connected with the creation of the welfare state has been noticed by constitutionalists since the 1980’s, particularly as regards federal systems, where egalitarian policies aimed at redistributing wealth have often set off processes centralising powers and functions in federal authorities, because of the need to guarantee uniform welfare standards nation-wide, in the interests of substantive equality. only subscribers can see the full article

Immigration, multiculturalism and welfare state

Articolo scritto da:

It is widely believed that a viable welfare state depends on achieving and maintaining a high level of solidarity amongst citizens, and that this solidarity is eroded by increasing levels of ethnic and racial diversity due to immigration. If true, there is a trade-off between a more open and accommodating approach to immigrants, on the one hand, and the maintenance of a robust welfare state. In this paper, however, we argue that claims about an inevitable trade-off between diversity and solidarity are premature. The evidence to date, and our own research, shows that a multicultural welfare state is a viable prospect.only subscribers can see the full article

Great Britain. The Reformist Strategy in Childhood Policies

Articolo scritto da:

In 2003, with the publication of the Green Paper on childhood, under the slogan «Every Child Matters», the British government announced the reform of the social assistance for children, young people and families. The policy is still at the initial stage of , implementation so it is not yet possible to assess its effects. In any case, the analysis of discourses constructed around it allows ascertaining the type of relationship created between value systems and policy mechanisms, beliefs behind the policies and hypothesised implementation tools. The arti-cle analyses, on the basis of documents available on the net, the intentions of the policy-makers responsible for the introduction of the new UK policy on childhood, focusing mainly on the conceptual and theoretical premises.only subscribers can see the full article

Changing Family Life: Significance for State and Society

Articolo scritto da:

The intent of the article is both to elaborate the nature of family change in European societies and to interrogate contemporary policy on the family in the light of emerging changes and risks. The first part of the article undertakes an overview analysis of the main changes affecting families, looking at structure, organisation and relations. It then moves on to consider the key risks and challenges posed by recent changes for individuals, states and society. The risks discussed include the seeming lack of readiness to commit to parenthood, a polarisation between parenthood and partnership, overburdening of women and risks around care. The final section of the article turns to the state’s response, in terms of what it has been and what it might (need to) be.only subscribers can see the full article

Social Policies: Governing through Fragments?

Articolo scritto da:

I’d like to continue in the same direction as the other papers, analysing what we are trying to define as a welfare system. It’s a very particular system, incomplete, and which at the moment can at least be rebuilt theoretically. In fact, in considering social and health policies, we come up against the difficulty of having fragments rather than a real system: something that actually is more like a nebula, an archipelago or a system of archipelagos. Much has been written on whether social policies make up a system or not, and there are in-depth analyses and case histories; despite the lack of useful information, particularly as regards databases, for making decisions and evaluating results, there is an overall survey of these policies in the literature. The thoughts advanced in this debate too suggest that we actually know quite a lot about this «system».only subscribers can see the full article

The Health and Social Services Sector: a New Social Question? Values, Rights and Advantages

Articolo scritto da:

The health and social services sector is a growing border area that seems to contain both the contradictions of the health service and those of social services. Operatively, economically, institutionally, culturally and procedurally, it is witnessing a transformation/evolution/involution of constitutionally guaranteed rights, and so of the meaning of citizenship. In our view, the difficult and complex relation between the health and social sectors, in terms of definition, institutional organisation and responsibility, organisational cultures, resources invested, profit-making and non-profit-making private interests operating, trade union relations and contract systems etc., is one of the keys for interpreting the evolution of welfare in Italy, and perhaps in the whole of Europe.only subscribers can see the full article

Family Responsibility and Welfare Regimes

Articolo scritto da:

The article reconstructs how the issue of family responsibility emerged in the discussion on welfare reform. An attempt is also made to indicate how the issue has been linked to the debate on comparative welfare state models. It emerges that the familisation/defamilisation of social policies becomes a crucial area of study, largely unexpexplored, to be considered in paralleò with commodification/decommodification even to plan thedefence or reform ofthe welfare state in new and fit terms in Italy.only subscribers can see the full article

Immigrant Family Structure and Strategies

Articolo scritto da:

The paper examines the role of the family in the migratory process and strategies, highlighting how family represents an important variable in the determination and understanding of their development in Italy. The analysis of this institution and its dynamism helps us to understand changes that family introduces both in the country of origin and in the host country. The important role of migratory flows clearly emerges in the process of change affecting our society and its institutions as well as the institutions in the country of origin, as they act as accelerators in the processes of change. The paper thus focuses on migratory families as well as intra-family and social dynamics, and additional matrimonial work they have to do. The article also examines the various forms of families formed through immigration, especially reunited, transnational and mixed families. only subscribers can see the full article

A Comparison of Redistribution and Welfare in Europe and the Us

Articolo scritto da:

Considering that social services could be provided either by the public sector and private bodies, the dimensions of the Welfare State are similar in Europe and in the Usa. However, the breakdown in spending is different: more is spent on health in the Usa whereas assistance and social security are the priorities in Europe. The redistributive effects of the two systems are difficult to assess given that each item of social spending presents specific features. It must, however, be stressed that the dimensions of the social state are an inadequate criterion to compare the level of redistribution of social spending.only subscribers can see the full article

Data, or Ambivalence

Articolo scritto da:

Both common sense and methodological reasons should make it obvious that every time we leave a strict «experimental» context, data have extremely and explicitly ambivalent relations with the reality they describe, plan and evaluate: this is part of their role, which is never independent of context, and still less neutral or objective. The data are in the service of a hypothesis (in the best of cases: that means they correspond to an explorative work of research or comparison), or a theory (more frequently: they are a response to a plan that seeks to demonstrate, defend or confirm something that has already been decided). In systems that are more or less rapidly being redefined or evolving, and that are already «dependent» on «other» macro-variables, the potentiality/possibility of profound ambivalence in the data translates almost naturally into concrete and/or planned probability.only subscribers can see the full article