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welfare state

Social Policies: Governing through Fragments?

Articolo scritto da:

I’d like to continue in the same direction as the other papers, analysing what we are trying to define as a welfare system. It’s a very particular system, incomplete, and which at the moment can at least be rebuilt theoretically. In fact, in considering social and health policies, we come up against the difficulty of having fragments rather than a real system: something that actually is more like a nebula, an archipelago or a system of archipelagos. Much has been written on whether social policies make up a system or not, and there are in-depth analyses and case histories; despite the lack of useful information, particularly as regards databases, for making decisions and evaluating results, there is an overall survey of these policies in the literature. The thoughts advanced in this debate too suggest that we actually know quite a lot about this «system».only subscribers can see the full article

The Health and Social Services Sector: a New Social Question? Values, Rights and Advantages

Articolo scritto da:

The health and social services sector is a growing border area that seems to contain both the contradictions of the health service and those of social services. Operatively, economically, institutionally, culturally and procedurally, it is witnessing a transformation/evolution/involution of constitutionally guaranteed rights, and so of the meaning of citizenship. In our view, the difficult and complex relation between the health and social sectors, in terms of definition, institutional organisation and responsibility, organisational cultures, resources invested, profit-making and non-profit-making private interests operating, trade union relations and contract systems etc., is one of the keys for interpreting the evolution of welfare in Italy, and perhaps in the whole of Europe.only subscribers can see the full article

Family Responsibility and Welfare Regimes

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The article reconstructs how the issue of family responsibility emerged in the discussion on welfare reform. An attempt is also made to indicate how the issue has been linked to the debate on comparative welfare state models. It emerges that the familisation/defamilisation of social policies becomes a crucial area of study, largely unexpexplored, to be considered in paralleò with commodification/decommodification even to plan thedefence or reform ofthe welfare state in new and fit terms in Italy.only subscribers can see the full article

Immigrant Family Structure and Strategies

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The paper examines the role of the family in the migratory process and strategies, highlighting how family represents an important variable in the determination and understanding of their development in Italy. The analysis of this institution and its dynamism helps us to understand changes that family introduces both in the country of origin and in the host country. The important role of migratory flows clearly emerges in the process of change affecting our society and its institutions as well as the institutions in the country of origin, as they act as accelerators in the processes of change. The paper thus focuses on migratory families as well as intra-family and social dynamics, and additional matrimonial work they have to do. The article also examines the various forms of families formed through immigration, especially reunited, transnational and mixed families. only subscribers can see the full article

A Comparison of Redistribution and Welfare in Europe and the Us

Articolo scritto da:

Considering that social services could be provided either by the public sector and private bodies, the dimensions of the Welfare State are similar in Europe and in the Usa. However, the breakdown in spending is different: more is spent on health in the Usa whereas assistance and social security are the priorities in Europe. The redistributive effects of the two systems are difficult to assess given that each item of social spending presents specific features. It must, however, be stressed that the dimensions of the social state are an inadequate criterion to compare the level of redistribution of social spending.only subscribers can see the full article

Data, or Ambivalence

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Both common sense and methodological reasons should make it obvious that every time we leave a strict «experimental» context, data have extremely and explicitly ambivalent relations with the reality they describe, plan and evaluate: this is part of their role, which is never independent of context, and still less neutral or objective. The data are in the service of a hypothesis (in the best of cases: that means they correspond to an explorative work of research or comparison), or a theory (more frequently: they are a response to a plan that seeks to demonstrate, defend or confirm something that has already been decided). In systems that are more or less rapidly being redefined or evolving, and that are already «dependent» on «other» macro-variables, the potentiality/possibility of profound ambivalence in the data translates almost naturally into concrete and/or planned probability.only subscribers can see the full article

Decarbonising the Welfare State

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After an introduction on the fundamental functions of welfare systems in present-day developed societies, the essay concentrates on the ties between social policies and climate change, analysing the implications of the imperative of decarbonisation. It then considers, partly in the light of the paradigms and lessons made available by the experience of traditional welfare, the new dilemmas and possible options for identifying the opportunities and the redistribution of the costs of decarbonisation, in an inevitably changed perspective of a global social prosperity that is no longer linked to growth.only subscribers can see the full article

Reasons to Propose a Law on Non Self-Sufficiency

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The pensioners’ unions Spi-Cgil, Fnp-Cisl and Uilp-Uil have decided to promote an act on non self-sufficiency. The reasons for this choice stem from the need to prevent, contrast and accompany this phenomenon which is on the rise, involving more than 2,800,000 Italian citizens and their families. The national government has not yet provided a suitable, effective response to requirements stemming from the «risk» of non self-sufficiency, leaving the system of local autonomies and individuals to cover the expenses resulting from the phenomenon. The matter has enormous impact. The act proposes a project to deal with the phenomenon starting from everyday life scenarios; prospecting a definition of non self-sufficiency and assessment modalities, indicating essential rights and guaranteeing their homogeneous application throughout the country; proposing an individualised plan, integrated services and a system to make care workers providing services to the non self-sufficient responsible. The national in-tervention plan proposed is supported by a national fund for non self-sufficiency financed through general taxation and capable of giving a concrete response to social essential levels.only subscribers can see the full article

Italy. Local Childcare Inequalities

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The paper analyses the development of child care policies in Italy. In the last decade two trends have been observed: the widening gap be-tween supply and demand, and a strong differentiation of suppliers. In particular there has been a diffusion of private services due to the introduction of market and also as a result of national and local public incentives, those objective is to increase total supply and to contain public spending. These two trends have developed in a highly differ-entiated territorial articulation, with a classic rift between Centre-North and South of Italy , as well as local varieties of public, profit-making private and social private arrangements. Through three local cases - Monza, Pesaro and Cosenza - the article analyses how different local configurations cause tensions and inequalities in access to the services.only subscribers can see the full article

Paolo Ferrero

Articolo scritto da:

First of all I’d like to thank you for your invitation to contribute to this Forum. Various problems seem to have emerged, and I’d like to try and talk about them. Apart from some criticisms relating to questions of organisation, I particularly want to draw attention to a specific problem, that of the essential levels of care, with special reference to the question of non-self-sufficiency. I want to talk about it in cultural as well as political terms, though in this latter sense our policy on this should start to be implemented in the next few months. I start from one element for evaluating the present situation. It seems to me obvious that — and here I agree with the judgments given — the social sector is much less protected in the constitution than the health sector. Traditionally there has always been a strong difference in the level of services in our country.only subscribers can see the full article