login_rps_multi_inglese

Username:

Password:

Retrieve lost password

Username:

Password:

Hai perso la password?

firefox
Valid XHTML 1.0 Strict

working time

Working Time in Italian Industrial Relations. An Historical Overview

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
The issue of working time and hours has always been at the forefront of Italian collective bargaining in Italy. The paper gives an overview of its evolution, highlighting how most objectives for the containment and duration of hours to the advantage of work has progressively shifted towards objectives for the negotiation and control of flexibilisation of working time requested by the companies. Recognition of this situation has indeed brought to the fore critical aspects, but also proposals that point out how working time bargaining is in Italy one of the most innovative areas of collective bargaining.only subscribers can see the full article

Italy. Working Hours and Reconcilement as Elements of Work Quality

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
The paper analyses the quality of work in Italy in relation to the temporal dimension from the results of an Isfol inquiry on the matter. With reference to the satisfaction expressed by the workers on quality perceived in the workplace, the characteristics of working time (duration, regularity, atypical work hours, etc.) are analysed in relation to type of employment (temporary versus permanent, subordinate versus self-employment) and other aspects of occupation. Furthermore, the relationship between working time and other existential aspects (along with the related problems and perception of conciliation) in relation to the various living conditions and use of free time (family relations, social commitments, leisure activities and so on) is examined.only subscribers can see the full article

Germany. Ig Metall and the Arduous Search for a Balance between Salaries and Working Time

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
The article analyses developments in German union policy in the metal sector in the light of economic and contextual changes which characterised the 90s and the effects produced on industrial relations. The consequences of the partial loss of union power have become evident with the rise in derogations on the collective agreements and in the impossibility of their «automatic» application in the enterprises. The most recent example of this deterioration is represented by the signing of the collective contract called «Pforzheim» in 2004, made possible by the considerable pressure posed by the possibility to export production sites thereby saddling with productivity and competitively costs , not only in terms of wages but also working times.only subscribers can see the full article

Reconcilement as a Key Element in the Construction of a New Welfare: a Case Study

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
From the analysis of current trends in female occupation and from the specific contradiction between the desire/necessity of women to enter the labour market, and the entire organisation of the market, stems the urgency to establish conciliation policies intended not as «corrective» downstream measures to allow women to conduct their triple roles as wives, mothers, workers but as innovative, transversal upstream policies as the crux of a new welfare. This thesis is supported in the paper through the analysis of a «case study» of a territorial coalition in the province of Arezzo and reference to recent European recommendations on the issue of reconciliation.only subscribers can see the full article

Re-assessing Filcams' Working Time Bargaining Model

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
The article gives an historical overview of Filcams bargaining intervention on working time from the 70s to today’s challenges. In all the various phases, the sector’s structural and organisational situation and the aspirations of the workers (in prevalence female) have played a crucial part in the proceedings. The «negotiated» flexibility on working time, its distribution over the week, month and year becomes the main instrument to respond to various requirements and to contrast through negotiation the use of work precariousness. In this perspective the experimentation of working time self-management is a coherent evolution and represents a new frontier.only subscribers can see the full article

Europe. Time Renconcilement Models

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
The comparative analysis of reconcilement policies promoted by European countries highlight the presence of various intervention models. The data suggest diversifying reconcilement tools to meet the needs expressed by increasingly more heterogeneous family and life models but also to support the centrality of system actions aimed at the provision of public care services with flexible times, of high quality and contained costs which contribute to overturning the gender division of care. Public intervention also allows the reduction of costs which would otherwise be sustained by enterprises thus reducing poverty and social inequalities in the long term as well as increasing productivity given the positive effects on learning capacity and living conditions of the new generations.only subscribers can see the full article

«Time and Hours»

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
The paper analyses the relationship between life and working times and the transformations that have occurred in the passage from the Fordist, post-Fordist to today’s «globalised» society. The main contradictions that stem from the requirements for hyper-flexibility of working hours (synchronisation and desynchronisation, relocation of temporal rigidity and life quality, uncertainty, market risk and precariousness, the need for emergent security and the crisis of the system of guarantees) are listed. The matter of temporal flexibility is placed in relation to the other three dimensions of work flexibility: functional, numerical, wage. Some policy-making implications are developed from the concept of sustainable flexibility.only subscribers can see the full article

The Netherlands. Part-Time and Reconcilement Policies

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
Part-time work is a widespread phenomenon in the Netherlands, es-pecially among women. Not only are part-time rates higher than in any other country, Dutch workers also report that they work part-time because they did not look for a full-time job. This paper de-scribes and explains the growth of part-time work in the Netherlands as a largely spontaneous process, triggered by the late but rapid en-trance of women in the labour market, the initially hesitant but in the end successful facilitation of part-time employment by labour market institutions and policies and, finally, an adjustment of the legal and tax system erasing much of the unequal treatment aspects of part-time work. Furthermore the paper provides an outlook for the Dutch one-and-a-half earner economy, comparing the Netherlands with the Uk and Germany, and poses the question why Dutch women so far did not seek the road towards full-time employment, the option preferred by their Scandinavian sisters.only subscribers can see the full article

Work and Part-Time Jobs. A European Framework of Supply and Preferences

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
The article takes into consideration the part-time arrangement not as a measure to increase occupation but as a central aspect of a «multi-active» society where the individual, if s/he chooses, can dedicate more time to other spheres of life. Here part-time is perceived as a way to valorise work activities outside the market in a frame of the partial reduction of working time dedicated. By analysing the European panorama on part-time, the following classification of countries is used - Northern, Continental, Mediterranean - according to the extent of part-time, type, age distribution, part-time rates as well as the motivations which induce workers to opt for this work modality and related rights. It seems that the part-time arrangement, when well pro-tected, is a good conciliation tool between work and market, training for the young, family commitments for women, gradual withdrawal for the elderly (to do more leisure or voluntary activities).only subscribers can see the full article

Working Time. Community Norms and Legislation in European States

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
The paper examines legislation on working time in Europe, with particular reference to Community norms and their recent modification proposals, and to some countries in the European Union (Italy, France, Spain, Portugal, Germany and Uk). The analysis conducted highlights, on the one hand, the inherent weaknesses of the former especially regarding worker protection standards and the possibility of derogation. On the other hand, after having examined the fundamental institutes of national norms, the author concludes by noting the weak influence of Eu norms on legislation in member states, indeed they seem to undermine current protection measures.only subscribers can see the full article